Tag Archives: infectious disease

Pediatric multidrug-resistant tuberculosis gets more attention

Due to difficulties in establishing accurate diagnoses and lower priorities assigned by tuberculosis (TB) control programs, pediatric TB has been relatively neglected. Treatment delays lead to the progression of disease, increased risk of infectiousness, greater complications, and higher rates of morbidity and death. “The key learnings identified from this study… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study finds hepatitis C perinatal transmission rate of 28.6% in India

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important emerging cause of liver disease in India. Although large epidemiological studies in India are scarce, estimates from small regional studies place the prevalence in the range of 0.09-7.89% (J Biosci, 2008). Since the widespread adoption of blood product screening has reduced transmission via… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Ob/Gyn, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Large proportion of antimalarial drugs fail chemical and packaging analysis

In Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, 35% of antimalarial drugs failed chemical analysis, highlighting the need to identify and prevent criminal production and distribution of antimalarial drugs, according to a recent analysis of published and unpublished studies. Malaria is an endemic infection in 106 countries, including India. Although infection rates… 

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Probiotic could help reduce acute infectious pediatric diarrhea

Lactobacillus reuteri, a “good” bacteria that lives in the gut and is recognized as a probiotic, helped to reduce acute infectious diarrhea in children, especially those with lower nutritional status, according to research published in the journal Pediatrics. The 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in low-socioeconomic areas of Jakarta,… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Nutrition, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Review identifies gaps in pediatric immunization rates in India

According to the most recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS), less than half of all Indian children aged 12 to 23 months are fully vaccinated against tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, and measles. In an effort to understand the gaps in vaccination coverage, a recent systematic review published in the… 

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Hyperglycemia linked to mortality in patients diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia is a leading cause of death in the world. In India, a rise in pneumonia cases is noted during the monsoon season. Impaired immunity due to diabetes is considered to be a predisposing factor for a wide variety of infectious diseases, including pneumonia. Key Point: Patients with diabetes or… 

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Posted in Diabetes, Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , | Volume: | 2 Responses

No increase in intussusception after RotaTeq immunization

Infants given RotaTeq, a rotavirus vaccine, had no increased risk of intussusception after immunization compared with infants not given RotaTeq, according to the 4-year Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) study. The multiple-site study, conducted in the United States and published earlier this year in the Journal of the American Medical Association,… 

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