Tag Archives: infectious disease

Immunization gaps must be addressed to prevent congenital rubella syndrome

While rubella is a mild disease, if a pregnant woman contracts it the fetus could develop congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which can cause blindness, deafness, mental handicap, and other problems. Immunization of the mother before she becomes pregnant can eliminate this risk. A systematic review published in Indian Pediatrics found… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Ob/Gyn, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study highlights public health, economic impact of food-borne trematodiases

Food-borne trematodiases are an important cluster of neglected tropical diseases, a recent study found. Many knowledge gaps exist about trematodiases, which are caused by liver, lung, and internal parasitic fluke (worm) infections that cause inflammatory lesions and damage the target organs. “Our results call for new efforts to control and… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Low amounts of winter sunshine are associated with increased tuberculous meningitis incidence

Key Point: This study found a significant association between the monthly tuberculous meningitis incidence rate (a severe extrapulmonary complication of TB) and the number of sunshine hours 3 months earlier–possibly implicating vitamin D deficiency. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a severe extrapulmonary complication of tuberculosis occurring mainly in early childhood, and… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Nutrition, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Identifying factors that predict meningeal tuberculosis could improve outcomes

Among the various forms of tuberculosis (TB) affecting the central nervous system, meningeal TB is the most severe and has the highest mortality rate. A retrospective study conducted in South India focused on identifying factors that predict mortality to assist clinicians in treating these patients and formulating prognoses for them…. 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Overcoming barriers to immunization in India requires community outreach

Recent surveys have found that nationally, only 61% of children aged 12 months to 23 months have received all 6 vaccines included in India’s Universal Immunization Program (UIP). Some surveys have reported even lower figures, especially in specific regions of the country. Key Point: Bringing immunization delivery points into the… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics | Also tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Delamanid may be beneficial as an add-on therapy to the standard treatment regimen of multidrug resistant tuberculosis

The investigational antibiotic delamanid increased 2-month sputum-culture conversion in patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). This was the main finding of a recent randomized, placebo-controlled trial that sought to determine the efficacy and safety of delamanid added to standard therapy vs standard therapy alone in this population. Key Point: Delamanid,… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Maintaining polio eradication in India: physicians play key role in countering parental misconceptions

When India was struck from the list of polio-endemic countries by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2012, the hard-won designation was one of India’s greatest public health accomplishments. Now, the focus has shifted from achieving eradication to maintaining it. “It was an important accomplishment for India to be… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment