Tag Archives: infectious disease

India lags behind other countries in measles reduction

Worldwide, the incidence of measles has fallen dramatically, from 4.6 cases per 1,000 people in 2000, to 1.6 cases per 1,000 in 2010, according to a newly issued report. Improvements in measles outcomes have not been keeping pace in India, however. “…The practicing pediatrician should scan through the vaccination card… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Significant number of global cancer cases attributed to infectious diseases

Approximately 2 million of a total of 12.7 million new cancer cases worldwide are directly attributable to infectious disease, a recently published study found. Multiple infectious diseases, such as Helicobacter pylori, human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human herpes T-cell lymphotropic virus… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Non-Communicable Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Statin use may have a protective effect against pneumonia mortality

A new meta-analysis has found that although statin use is associated with decreased mortality after pneumonia, this effect is weaker in certain subgroups. Statins may have positive effects on inflammation, which is the hallmark feature of pneumonia. Key Point: This new meta-analysis found that statin use is associated with decreased… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Azithromycin found to increase risk of cardiovascular death

A 5-day course of azithromycin is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death, according to a recently published retrospective cohort study. Key Point: Azithromycin appears to have an adverse cardiac effect, possibly as a result of being proarrhythmic. The risk:benefit profile should be carefully considered before prescribing this agent,… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 4 Responses

Prevention and early diagnosis can counter maternal risk from re-emergence of leptospirosis

Leptospirosis, a direct zoonotic disease, is a re-emerging infectious disease that can be fatal in pregnancy if undiagnosed. When diagnosed and treated early, leptospirosis is highly curable with routinely available antibiotics. “Leptospirosis is a totally preventable [cause of] maternal mortality with no residual sequelae if diagnosed early and managed accordingly.”… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Ob/Gyn | Also tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Bacterial bloodstream infections: early diagnosis and treatment are essential

While most patients who are hospitalized with fevers have viral infections, some have bacterial bloodstream infections that should be treated with the appropriate antibiotic agents. In India, as in other developing countries, access to laboratory analysis can be limited, and few studies have examined the incidence of community-acquired bacterial bloodstream… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Fever and tachypnea strong indicators of pneumonia in children with lower respiratory tract infections

India leads the world in childhood pneumonia incidence, with 43 million new cases per year, as estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO). Pneumonia can be difficult to diagnose, especially in patients with lower respiratory complaints in settings where chest x-ray (CXR) testing is not available. Knowing the signs and… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment