Tag Archives: diarrhea

An Individual-Level Meta-Analysis Assessing the Impact of Community-Level Sanitation Access on Child Stunting, Anemia, and Diarrhea

An estimated 1 billion people live without access to any type of sanitation facility, i.e. a toilet or latrine. This lack of sanitation access fails to contain human feces, which are responsible for transmission of various diarrheal diseases as well as…

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Does Measles Vaccination Reduce the Risk of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and Diarrhea in Children: A Multi-Country Study?

Measles is a highly contagious disease transmitted through a virus belonging to the Morbillivirus genus. The infection is acquired via the respiratory tract and is mostly seen in infants and children below five years of age. The virus usually disrupts the…

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Natural History of Cryptosporidiosis in a Longitudinal Study of Slum-Dwelling Bangladeshi Children

Diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under age five worldwide, with cryptosporidiosis estimated to be second only to rotavirus as…

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Multidimensional Measurement of Household Water Poverty in a Mumbai Slum

Approximately 863 million people globally live in urban slums. Inadequate access to water is one characteristic that helps to define a “slum,” based on the United Nations (UN) definition. Most public health studies of…

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Predictors of Rational Management of Diarrhea in an Endemic Setting: Observation from India

Antibiotics are the most frequently used drugs having an upward global trend of usage and the scenario is no different in the developing world including India. During 2000–2010, there was 36% escalation in antibiotic use worldwide while…

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Diarrhea, Stimulation and Growth Predict Neurodevelopment in Young North Indian Children

There is sound evidence that deficient care and inadequate stimulation are key risk factors for adverse neurodevelopment in children. Likewise, the evidence for poor growth and stunting as significant risk factors is convincing. Pneumonia and diarrhea are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children in low to middle-income countries (LMIC). In some studies, diarrhea prevalence has predicted…

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Trends in the prevalence of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli among hospitalized diarrheal patients in Kolkata, India

Diarrhea and other related gastrointestinal disorders are the most important causes of illness and death, particularly among infants and young children from developing countries [1]. Of the 4.879 million global deaths of children below 5 years of age due to infectious diseases, diarrhea alone has caused 0.801 million deaths in 2010.

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