Community-led initiative for iron supplementation improves hemoglobin status of children and adolescent girls

A community-based program for the control of nutritional anemia in children aged 6 months to 35 months and rural unmarried adolescent girls aged 12 years to 19 years in rural India led to improved hemoglobin status, appetite, and knowledge of iron-rich foods. In addition to weekly iron supplementation, the community program also provided nutritional education on iron supplementation.

Key Point: A community-led initiative for iron supplementation in adolescent girls and iron prophylaxis for children aged 6 months to 35 months—together with nutritional information—improved the hemoglobin status of both the girls and the children. Community-based initiatives across the country could help prevent and address the high prevalence of nutritional anemia in these groups.

Studies have shown that there is a high prevalence of nutritional anemia, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, among children (80.3%) and adolescent girls (59.8%) in the rural Wardha district of India, Maharashtra state, where the study took place.

Nutritional anemia is associated with impaired mental, physical, and cognitive performance in children; it also is a significant risk factor for maternal mortality, low birth weight, perinatal mortality, and fetal wastage. Iron-deficiency anemia is estimated to cause 591,999 perinatal deaths and 115,000 maternal deaths worldwide each year. Nutritional anemia remains...

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This entry was posted in Nutrition, Nutrition Featured 2, Pediatrics, Primary Care and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , . Volume: .

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