Primary Care Articles

Urology Training Using Virtual Reality

INTRODUCTION In rural areas about four to six percent of the patients presenting to outpatient departments have urology problems. Unfortunately, only a small percentage of them can get the necessary treatment from urologists. A survey carried out by the Aarohi mission in the foothills of the Himalayas showed that only...  Read more »

Gas Less Lift Laparoscopic Surgeries (GLLS): Our Initial Experience of 750 Surgeries in Remote Rural Areas in India

Minimally invasive surgeries especially laparoscopic surgeries are difficult if not impossible in rural areas because of the high costs associated with the equipment and the difficulty in getting anesthesiologists with... Read more »

When There is No Gas: Laparoscopic Surgery in Rural Areas

Laparoscopic surgery is now widely performed for treating many abdominal conditions. These surgeries use gases for abdominal insufflation and despite trials with other gases most commonly used gas is carbon dioxide... Read more »

The NHS Global Health Research Group in Health Technology Project India

The National Health Service in UK has a program and initial funding to develop a research program to meet the needs of rural surgical patients in Sierra Leone and rural India. The preliminary proposal is to... Read more »

The National Health Services (NHS) Conference at Leeds 2017: Take Home Messages

The National Health Services of United Kingdom [NHS-UK] held their annual conference of the Colorectal Services and GI and Vascular Surgery at the famous Town Hall at Leeds in UK. The theme of the conference was “Jugaad Innovations”... Read more »

Core Through [Blind] Endoscopic Internal Urethrotomy & Regular Self Calibration: The Cost-Effective Option for Rural Areas

Urethral injuries are common in rural areas especially in mountainous areas like Northeast India where falls from trees and roads are common. Pelvic fractures can contribute to the urethral injuries... Read more »

Safe MIS in Rural Areas: An Experience with SEESHA

SEESHA is a charitable trust that organizes surgical camps in remote and rural areas of our country offering Minimally Invasive Surgeries to the poor and the marginalized... Read more »

Incidence and Risk Factors for Post-Penetrating Keratoplasty Glaucoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Glaucoma continues to be a frequent complication of penetrating keratoplasty and has been determined to be a primary cause of graft failure, with yet unexplained determinants. It has also been reported to be one of the three most common causes for graft failure along with rejection and infection... Read more »

Jugaad Innovations for Rural Surgery

Jugaad Innovation is described as frugal and flexible innovations. It is very important for rural surgeons to learn the Jugaad techniques as they would help them to serve the rural surgical patients better... Read more »

Epidural Steroid Injection for Back Pain: Low Cost Technique for Rural Areas

Epidural steroid injections have been used for low back pain and leg pain since 1952 and often the first line of minimally invasive treatment. However, the benefit is often temporary lasting up to... Read more »

Painless Swelling of the Forefoot and Recurrent Subcutaneous Abscesses of the Lower Leg—Two Distinct Presentations Illustrating the Spectrum of Eumycetoma in a Nonendemic Country

Eumycetoma is a neglected tropical disease that is characterized by chronic progressive local inflammation of subcutaneous tissues with sinus formation and purulent discharge. Although the infection evolves from a small subcutaneous nodule, patients often present late with advanced disease, including... Read more »

A comparison of the diagnostic ability of vessel density and structural measurements of optical coherence tomography in primary open angle glaucoma

Optical coherence tomography angiography is a new technique of non-invasively imaging the blood vessels of the optic nerve head and retina in-vivo. Of the multiple algorithms developed to... Read more »

The Prevalence of Underweight, Overweight and Obesity in Bangladeshi Adults

Due to nutritional transition, many developing countries are experiencing a shift from underweight to overweight. In 2015, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimated that 795 million people of the... Read more »

Level of inflammatory cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis patients: Correlation with 25-hydroxy vitamin D and reactive oxygen species

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, inflammatory and autoimmune disease having a prevalence of approximately 0.5–1% of the population of industrialized world... Read more »

Increasing risk of cataract in HCV patients receiving anti-HCV therapy

Cataract, which has an estimated prevalence of 33% in the general population, is the second leading cause of visual impairment and vision loss worldwide. Cataract is associated with increasing Read more »

Glaucoma associated with iridocorneal endothelial syndrome in 203 Indian subjects

The iridocorneal endothelial syndrome is a disease spectrum which includes Chandler syndrome, Progressive iris atrophy and Cogan-Reese syndrome. The clinical variants are distinguished primarily on the basis of the changes in the iris. Progressive or... Read more »

Association of Hip Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition in a Rural Indian Population

Hip bone mineral density is a predictor of overall risk of fractures in later life. Body mass is one of the... Read more »

Prostate Surgeries in Rural Areas

The prostate gland is a male sexual organ that contributes the bulk of secretions during sexual intercourse. It is situated near the junction of the urinary bladder with the urinary passage called... Read more »

What Is New About Appendix Surgeries?

Appendicectomy, also called appendectomy, is one of the most commonly performed surgeries, all over the world. The appendix is a vestigial organ in the human intestine, and it is prone to inflammation. The first successful operation was carried out by Claudius Aymand in 1735 (1). Most people never have any...  Read more »

How Targeted Biopsy Improves Prostate Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment [video]

When William Armstrong's PSA level numbers continually increased over the span of several years, he chose to ignore the numbers and not think about cancer. After seeing Stanford physicians Armstrong realized the possibility of prostate cancer had grown quite real and chose to take an aggressive approach to treat the...  Read more »
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