Overcoming barriers to immunization in India requires community outreach

Recent surveys have found that nationally, only 61% of children aged 12 months to 23 months have received all 6 vaccines included in India’s Universal Immunization Program (UIP). Some surveys have reported even lower figures, especially in specific regions of the country.

Key Point: Bringing immunization delivery points into the community and providing better monitoring of vaccine-preventable diseases and immunizations could help raise the routine immunization rate in India. The vast majority of unimmunized children are in 6 states, with half of them in Uttar Pradesh alone. Physicians can play a leadership role by educating parents and government officials.

The UIP program was more successful in its first decade, which ended in 1995. At that time, immunization levels were estimated at 70% to 85%. The problem is particularly serious in 6 states that contribute to 80% of the 8.1 million unimmunized children in India. More than half of these children are in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

In one study conducted in 225 villages in Uttar Pradesh, one of the major barriers to immunization was...

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This entry was posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics and tagged , , , , , , . Volume: .

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