Visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) diagnosis and treatment in India

Visceral leishmaniasis, or kala-azar (KA), is a tropical disease spread by the bite of a sand fly that carries the parasite Leishmania donovani. Kala-azar is endemic in India where the incidence of new cases is about 147,000–283,000 annually. Treatment duration is long and available drugs are toxic, requiring monitoring and hospitalization. In the absence of treatment the disease is nearly always...

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