Seasonal variation in the prevalence of sand flies infected with Leishmania donovani

Citation: Tiwary P, Kumar D, Mishra M, Singh RP, Rai M, et al. (2013) Seasonal Variation in the Prevalence of Sand Flies Infected with Leishmania donovani. PLoS ONE 8(4): e61370. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061370
Published: April 9, 2013

Abstractsand fly
Background: Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a life threatening neglected infectious disease in the Indian subcontinent, transmitted by the bite of female sand flies. Estimation of the infectivity in the vector population, collected in different seasons, may be useful to better understanding the transmission dynamics of VL as well as to plan vector control measures.
Methodology: We collected sand flies from highly endemic regions of Bihar state, India for one year over three seasons. The species of the sand flies were confirmed by species-specific PCR-RFLP. Leishmania donovani infection was investigated in 1397 female Phlebotomus argentipes using PCR, targeting the Leishmania specific minicircle of the kDNA region. Further, the parasitic load in the infected sand flies was measured using quantitative PCR.
Conclusion: Though sand flies were most abundant in the rainy season, the highest rate of infection was detected in the winter season with 2.84% sand flies infected followed by the summer and rainy seasons respectively. This study can help in vector elimination programmes and to reduce disease transmission.

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