Category Archives: Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology and ophthalmologists: medical information, news and research on the anatomy and physiology of the eye and eye diseases, their diagnosis, treatment and related surgical and medical matters.

Cataract Surgery Visual Outcomes and Associated Risk Factors in Secondary Level Eye Care Centers of L V Prasad Eye Institute, India

Globally, cataract is the major cause of blindness accounting for 51% of total blindness and there are regional variations in it with America having the lowest prevalence and the highest being in South-East Asia. Apart from the presence of…

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Impairment of Colour Vision in Diabetes with No Retinopathy

Various studies have demonstrated that individuals with diabetic retinopathy can present with impairment of colour (ICV) and that the severity of ICV increases with increase in the severity of retinopathy and presence of…

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Prevalence and Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment and Their Associated Risk Factors

Recent estimates show that there are 324 million people who are either blind or visually impaired in the world and that the burden of blindness and visual impairment (VI) is disproportionately clustered in the developing countries, including India [1]. With 8 million blind people and 62 million VI, India shares almost a quarter of the entire global burden of blindness and VI.

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Top Myths About Vision in Indian Children

Myth: Eating carrots improves your vision. Fact: Vitamin A aids in the normal functioning of eyes. Carrots are a good source of vitamin A, but green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits are rich in it as well. In addition to vitamin A, these other vegetables also contain greater amounts of… 

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Trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference and open-angle glaucoma

The trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD) has been defined as the difference between intraocular pressure (IOP) minus cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), while the IOP, in a strict physical sense, is the transcorneal pressure difference between the intraocular compartment and the surrounding external atmosphere [1], [2]. Since the lamina cribrosa of the optic nerve head, as the presumed site of glaucomatous damage to the optic nerve…

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Prevalence of cataract surgery and visual outcomes in Indian immigrants in Singapore

Cataract is the leading cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide, accounting for more than 50% of the blindness cases [1], [2]. Driven by an increase in aged population and increasing demand for good vision, the number of persons who need cataract surgery is expected to rise worldwide.

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Impact of migration and acculturation on prevalence of type 2 diabetes and related eye complications in Indians living in a newly urbanised society

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is recognised as a major chronic disease affected by lifestyle and behavioural risk factors such as obesity and physical inactivity [1]. There has been a long-standing hypothesis that rising prevalence of T2DM in many countries is related to immigration patterns from developing countries and lifestyle changes from “traditional” to “Western” patterns.

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