Category Archives: Hypertension

As a major risk factor for stroke, heart failure, myocardial infarction and aortic aneurysm, hypertension is a serious concern for physicians everywhere. The fact that hypertension, like heart disease, is on the rise in India makes it all the more necessary to stay abreast of the latest news and research on this chronic medical condition.

Alarmingly High Prevalence of Hypertension and Pre-Hypertension in North India-Results from a Large Cross-Sectional STEPS Survey

In 2012, NCDs were responsible for around 38 million deaths per year, accounting for 68% of all deaths worldwide and 52% of all premature deaths. Over three quarters of those premature deaths were caused by cardiovascular diseases…

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Prevalence and Correlates of Hypertension in Maharashtra, India: A Multilevel Analysis

Globally, hypertension has been emerging as a serious threat to public health. In 2008, worldwide, approximately 40% of adults aged 25 years and above had been diagnosed with hypertension, raising the total population affected to…

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Influence of Distance Between Residence and Health Facilities on Non-Communicable Diseases: An Assessment Over Hypertension and Diabetes in Bangladesh

Non-communicable diseases have been the focus of many medical studies for its detrimental effects, both social and economic, in developing countries. One of the unexplored aspect of these diseases is how they are affected by the distances between potential patients’ residence and…

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Pre-Hypertension among Young Adults (20–30 Years) in Coastal Villages of Udupi District in Southern India: An Alarming Scenario

The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in United States released the Seventh Report of the…

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Preeclampsia as a risk factor for diabetes

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing dramatically worldwide [1] with the greatest rise in incidence occurring in adults under the age of 50, including young women [2]. Randomized trials have shown that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in high-risk groups by a variety of lifestyle and therapeutic interventions [3],[4]. However, identifying at risk populations to screen for type 2 diabetes is a critical step in translating these findings into clinical practice.

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Elderly hypertensive patients with cardiovascular disease may benefit from combination antihypertensive therapy

Adding a second antihypertensive medication appears to be more beneficial than increasing the dose of a single antihypertensive in reducing all-cause mortality cardiovascular outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). This was the main finding of a recent randomized trial that sought to determine the efficacy of high-dose angiotensin receptor… 

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More studies needed before recommending vitamin D for hypertensive patients

Experimental animal and epidemiological studies have clearly shown an association between low levels of vitamin D and hypertension. However, there is not enough evidence to support recommending vitamin D to hypertensive patients to reduce blood pressure, according to a recently published review. “There are a few reports demonstrating the beneficial… 

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