Category Archives: Cardiovascular

Study finds exercise may reduce depression in heart failure patients

Cardiovascular disease has emerged as the number one killer in both urban and rural areas of India. The Indian population is particularly susceptible to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors; however, there are few large studies that have examined CVD risk factors in the Indian population. Depression is associated with an… 

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Statin benefits in primary prevention outweigh risk of diabetes

The benefit of preventing vascular events outweighs the increased risk of new-onset diabetes in patients without cardiovascular disease but with an elevated level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), researchers have found. India is the country with the greatest number of diabetes patients in the world, according to the International Diabetes… 

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Widespread use of statins for primary prevention could reduce risk of vascular events

Even patients with a 5-year risk for major vascular events <10% may benefit from primary prevention using statin therapy, according to the results of a large meta-analysis. This study may hold particular significance for patients in India, where genetic susceptibility results in a higher rate of vascular events, and where… 

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Anemia, inflammation common in heart failure

Four in 10 patients hospitalized with heart failure have anemia. In such patients, several proinflammatory cytokines are independently associated with anemia, a recent study found. Investigators from The Netherlands and the United Kingdom conducted a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial of…

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Door-to-door survey finds that hypertension rates in rural India are similar to those in urban areas

In India, more than 70% of the population lives in rural areas, yet access to healthcare in rural areas is extremely limited. With growing rates of mortality from cardiovascular disease, an understanding of the prevalence of modifiable risk factors such as hypertension is crucial. A study published recently in the… 

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High estrogen levels could be a new predictor of ischemic arterial disease in postmenopausal women

High levels of 17β-estradiol in the plasma of postmenopausal women were associated with an increased risk of ischemic arterial disease, according to a recent prospective cohort study. High estradiol levels are known to correlate with cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, abnormal blood lipids, and diabetes. According to the Indian… 

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Apixaban reduces stroke rates in atrial fibrillation patients with previous stroke or TIA

In a subset of patients that had experienced a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), treatment with the investigational drug apixaban resulted in a reduced rate of stroke and systemic embolism compared with warfarin, according to a recent subset analysis of a major clinical trial. Stroke is the third-leading… 

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