Tag Archives: tuberculosis

Significant Effects of Oral Phenylbutyrate and Vitamin D3 Adjunctive Therapy in Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

The prevalence of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB is high and converge with the pandemics of HIV and diabetes, which generates…

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Loss-To-Follow-Up on Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment in Gujarat, India: The WHEN and WHO of It

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis is a significant and complex public health problem in a number of countries and an obstacle to effective Tuberculosis control, given the long duration of treatment, adverse events and…

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Performance Comparison of Three Rapid Tests for the Diagnosis of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that less than half of all drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) cases were detected globally. Undetected resistance results in treatment failure and increases the risk of TB transmission and…

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Estimating the Impact of Reducing Under-Nutrition on the Tuberculosis Epidemic in the Central Eastern States of India

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of death and disease in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). The World Health Organization (WHO) attributed 1.3 million deaths and…

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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Metropolitan City of South India

India has more tuberculosis (TB) cases annually than any other country globally, with an estimated disease prevalence of 256/100,000 population, incidence of 185/100,000 and deaths of 26/100,000. Nationwide annual risk of TB infection (ARTI) surveys had estimated an…

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Use of Xpert MTB/RIF in Decentralized Public Health Settings and Its Effect on Pulmonary TB and DR-TB Case Finding in India

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health problem even today. Despite longstanding availability of treatment, an estimated 8.6 million TB cases and 1.3 million TB deaths were reported in 2012. Early and improved case detection of TB including…

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Has introduction of rapid drug susceptibility testing at diagnosis impacted treatment outcomes among previously treated tuberculosis patients in Gujarat, India?

Treatment outcomes of previously-treated smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) patients have remained poor globally and in India. Among PT patients registered in the year 2011 in India, 71% were treated successfully as compared to…

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