Tag Archives: tuberculosis

Durations and Delays in Care Seeking, Diagnosis and Treatment Initiation in Uncomplicated Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Mumbai, India

Every year approximately 1.5 million people die of Tuberculosis globally, and most of these occur in the developing countries. India is one of the 22 TB high burden countries in the world; approximately 2.2 million cases in 2014 out of…

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Genotypic, Phenotypic and Clinical Validation of GeneXpert in Extra-Pulmonary and Pulmonary Tuberculosis in India

In the absence of an efficient diagnostic modality for Tuberculosis, the search for a tool that can overcome the dilemmas of the available diagnostic tests continues. In…

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How Do Urban Indian Private Practitioners Diagnose and Treat Tuberculosis?

India accounts for approximately one-quarter of the world’s 9 million incident tuberculosis cases every year. The TB epidemic in India is complicated by the fragmented healthcare delivery system that…

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Factors Associated with Tuberculosis and Rifampicin-Resistant Tuberculosis amongst Symptomatic Patients in India

Tuberculosis is one of the world’s deadliest communicable diseases. Of the estimated 9.6 million new TB cases in 2014, India alone accounted for 23% of total cases. While most cases of TB are…

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Costs and Consequences of Using Interferon-γ Release Assays for the Diagnosis of Active Tuberculosis in India

Interferon-gamma Release Assays (IGRAs), including QuantiFERON-TB Gold In Tube (Cellestis, Carnegie, Australia) and T-SPOT.TB (Oxford Immunotec, Oxfordshire, UK), are immunological tests that are widely used to detect…

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Piloting Upfront Xpert MTB/RIF Testing on Various Specimens under Programmatic Conditions for Diagnosis of TB & DR-TB in Paediatric Population

India has the world’s largest burden of tuberculosis (TB) and accounts for one-fifth of the global TB incidence. While, globally the exact burden of childhood TB is not well documented, it is estimated that…

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The Potential Impact of Up-Front Drug Sensitivity Testing on India’s Epidemic of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis

In India, despite impressive progress in the scale-up of DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short course) coverage by the public sector, tuberculosis (TB) remains a pressing public health problem, owing partly to a…

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