Tag Archives: nutrition

Low amounts of winter sunshine are associated with increased tuberculous meningitis incidence

Key Point: This study found a significant association between the monthly tuberculous meningitis incidence rate (a severe extrapulmonary complication of TB) and the number of sunshine hours 3 months earlier–possibly implicating vitamin D deficiency. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a severe extrapulmonary complication of tuberculosis occurring mainly in early childhood, and… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Nutrition, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

More studies needed before recommending vitamin D for hypertensive patients

Experimental animal and epidemiological studies have clearly shown an association between low levels of vitamin D and hypertension. However, there is not enough evidence to support recommending vitamin D to hypertensive patients to reduce blood pressure, according to a recently published review. “There are a few reports demonstrating the beneficial… 

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Posted in Hypertension, Non-Communicable Disease, Nutrition, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Probiotic could help reduce acute infectious pediatric diarrhea

Lactobacillus reuteri, a “good” bacteria that lives in the gut and is recognized as a probiotic, helped to reduce acute infectious diarrhea in children, especially those with lower nutritional status, according to research published in the journal Pediatrics. The 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in low-socioeconomic areas of Jakarta,… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Nutrition, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study links calcium supplementation to risk for heart disease

Calcium supplements are commonly recommended to the elderly and post-menopausal women for optimal maintenance of bone health. Previous research has reported that a higher calcium intake may lead to a decrease in risk factors for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. “In a country… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular Disease, Non-Communicable Disease, Nutrition, Primary Care, Women's Health | Also tagged , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Zinc supplementation improves cognition in adolescent girls

Adolescent girls who received zinc supplementation through ingesting foods high in zinc or by taking a zinc nutraceutical demonstrated improved cognition and taste acuity, according to an intervention trial conducted in Maharashtra state of Western India. “Zinc has a role in many body functions,” said Anuradha Khadilkar, MD, DCH, associate… 

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Posted in Neurology, Neurology Featured 2, Nutrition, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Sugary drinks add to coronary heart disease risk

Consuming soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages, but not artificially sweetened ones, is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and adverse changes in lipids, inflammatory factors, and leptin. Key Point: Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is linked to excess coronary heart disease risk. Patients should be counseled to limit their… 

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Adherence to 7 cardiovascular health metrics lowers risk of premature death

Meeting 7 recommendations for improving cardiovascular health could prevent premature deaths. Key Point: Adherence to a series of healthy behaviors can protect against premature overall and cardiovascular mortality. Researchers examined data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 3 time periods (1988-1994, 1999-2004, 2005-2010) to assess… 

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Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disease, Hypertension, Non-Communicable Disease, Nutrition, Obesity, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment