Tag Archives: meningitis

Burden of Bacterial Meningitis in India: Preliminary Data from a Hospital Based Sentinel Surveillance Network

Globally, meningitis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population accounting for about 180,000 deaths annually. Prior to introduction of vaccines…

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Early Fungicidal Activity as a Candidate Surrogate Endpoint for All-Cause Mortality in Cryptococcal Meningitis

Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is a neglected disease, although it is a leading cause of HIV/AIDS-associated mortality…

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Scrub typhus meningitis in South India

Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, and is characterized by an eschar, lymphadenopathy, multisystem involvement and a rapid response to doxycycline. Scrub typhus is seen in all terrains of the tsutsugamushi triangle, a geographical region of south and east Asia and the southwest Pacific and is related mostly to agricultural activities

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Dexamethasone reduces deaths in newborns with meningitis

Giving newborns with meningitis dexamethasone significantly reduces deaths, a randomized study involving 80 patients in a New Delhi hospital has found: Key Point: Neonatal meningitis was less likely to result in death and other serious problems when treated with dexamethasone prior to administration of antibiotics. Babies were also less likely… 

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Zinc reduces treatment failure in children experiencing serious bacterial infections

Of the more than 1 million infant deaths that occur each year in India, more than 25% are associated with serious bacterial infections, including pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis. Zinc deficiency has been linked to higher rates of infection and is a common problem for Indian children, particularly during their first… 

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