Tag Archives: internal medicine

Even in low-risk individuals, better cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a lower mortality risk from cardiovascular disease

Researchers have found that in individuals with a low risk of having a coronary heart disease event, cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with significantly better long-term survival. Key Point: Even in patients at low risk for having a cardiovascular event, cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a decrease in cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related… 

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Posted in Non-Communicable Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study sparks controversy about benefits of smoking cessation at age 60 years or older

A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis found that being a smoker, whether former or current, is associated with all-cause mortality in people who are aged 60 years and older. However, at least one expert in global health says that the study may overestimate the hazards of past smoking and… 

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Posted in Non-Communicable Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Chronic kidney disease underdiagnosed in patients with type 2 diabetes

mdCurrent Conference Report: 72nd Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is significantly underdiagnosed in the population with type 2 diabetes, say investigators who conducted a recent multi-site observational cross-sectional study. This is an especially important finding for Indian physicians and patients, since the International Diabetes… 

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Posted in Diabetes, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 2 Responses

Azithromycin found to increase risk of cardiovascular death

A 5-day course of azithromycin is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death, according to a recently published retrospective cohort study. Key Point: Azithromycin appears to have an adverse cardiac effect, possibly as a result of being proarrhythmic. The risk:benefit profile should be carefully considered before prescribing this agent,… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 4 Responses

Polypill may help prevent cardiovascular disease in patients 50 years and older

Researchers have found that so-called cardiovascular “polypills” may be effective as primary therapy to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients aged 50 years and older. “This is an important study but should not be considered as proof of concept, as the authors themselves have acknowledged several limitations, including lack of… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Low-dose calcium supplements can effectively slow bone loss in peri- and postmenopausal Asian women

One out of 3 Indian females suffers from osteoporosis, making India one of the most affected countries in the world, according to the International Osteoporosis Foundation. Additionally, in most Western countries, the peak incidence of osteoporosis occurs at about 70 to 80 years of age; in India, it occurs 10… 

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Posted in Nutrition, Nutrition Featured 2, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Bacterial bloodstream infections: early diagnosis and treatment are essential

While most patients who are hospitalized with fevers have viral infections, some have bacterial bloodstream infections that should be treated with the appropriate antibiotic agents. In India, as in other developing countries, access to laboratory analysis can be limited, and few studies have examined the incidence of community-acquired bacterial bloodstream… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment