Tag Archives: internal medicine

Significant number of global cancer cases attributed to infectious diseases

Approximately 2 million of a total of 12.7 million new cancer cases worldwide are directly attributable to infectious disease, a recently published study found. Multiple infectious diseases, such as Helicobacter pylori, human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human herpes T-cell lymphotropic virus… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Non-Communicable Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Anemia, inflammation common in heart failure

Four in 10 patients hospitalized with heart failure have anemia. In such patients, several proinflammatory cytokines are independently associated with anemia, a recent study found. Investigators from The Netherlands and the United Kingdom conducted a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial of…

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Door-to-door survey finds that hypertension rates in rural India are similar to those in urban areas

In India, more than 70% of the population lives in rural areas, yet access to healthcare in rural areas is extremely limited. With growing rates of mortality from cardiovascular disease, an understanding of the prevalence of modifiable risk factors such as hypertension is crucial. A study published recently in the… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

High estrogen levels could be a new predictor of ischemic arterial disease in postmenopausal women

High levels of 17β-estradiol in the plasma of postmenopausal women were associated with an increased risk of ischemic arterial disease, according to a recent prospective cohort study. High estradiol levels are known to correlate with cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, abnormal blood lipids, and diabetes. According to the Indian… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Non-Communicable Disease, Ob/Gyn, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Apixaban reduces stroke rates in atrial fibrillation patients with previous stroke or TIA

In a subset of patients that had experienced a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), treatment with the investigational drug apixaban resulted in a reduced rate of stroke and systemic embolism compared with warfarin, according to a recent subset analysis of a major clinical trial. Stroke is the third-leading… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Neurology, Neurology Featured 2, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Statin use may have a protective effect against pneumonia mortality

A new meta-analysis has found that although statin use is associated with decreased mortality after pneumonia, this effect is weaker in certain subgroups. Statins may have positive effects on inflammation, which is the hallmark feature of pneumonia. Key Point: This new meta-analysis found that statin use is associated with decreased… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Intensive glucose control does not prevent renal failure and carries risk of severe hypoglycemia

Aggressive glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes, while improving surrogate markers of kidney disease, has not been proven to reduce the risk of adverse clinically meaningful renal outcomes, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of 7 clinical trials. Key Point: Tight glycemic targets in patients diagnosed with… 

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Posted in Diabetes, Primary Care | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment