Tag Archives: HIV

Multilevel Analysis of the Predictors of HIV Prevalence among Pregnant Women Enrolled in Annual HIV Sentinel Surveillance in Four States in Southern India

India is the second most populous country in the world and there is an estimated 2.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS in India.The HIV epidemic in India is…

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Trajectories of Childbearing among HIV Infected Indian Women

Among the most significant achievements of the global response to the AIDS epidemic in the last decade is the remarkable scale up of Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) and the rapid expansion of services for Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in developing countries. Globally, 35 million people are estimated to be living with HIV by the end of…

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Alarming Levels of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Patients in Metropolitan Mumbai, India

India is a high burden country for tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). The World Health Organization has estimated that India accounted for 26% of the total number of TB cases worldwide in 2012, with…

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Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV Co-infection in Bihar, India

One third of all HIV patients worldwide live in regions where leishmaniasis is endemic [1]. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by the parasite L. donovani is endemic to Bihar, a populous state of 110 million people in East India, which carries an estimated 40% of the world’s VL burden.

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HIV and Malaria: Potential Insights into HIV Immune Modulation during Co-Infections [video]

The HU CFAR Annual Symposium was held at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard and featured international and local experts in the field of HIV/TB research.

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Treat tuberculosis in pregnancy using first-line agents, but wait for second-line agents

Beware of false-positive skin tests in pregnant women vaccinated with BCG (Bacille Calmette Guerin vaccine for tuberculosis [TB]), in those previously treated for TB infection, or in those previously infected with other Mycobacterium species. False negatives can occur in those with compromised immune systems (eg, HIV) or due to technical… 

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Aspirin worth a look for preventing cervical cancer in HIV-infected women

Aspirin and other drugs that inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) should be evaluated for their potential to prevent cervical cancer in women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), say researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College, New York City, United States. They found that HIV influences the production… 

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