Tag Archives: coronary heart disease

Leptin Concentration and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Cardiovascular disease, especially coronary heart disease and stroke, remains the leading cause of death and has become the most prominent health problem in developed and developing countries. In recent decades, exploring risk factors for…

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Association between gender, process of care measures, and outcomes in ACS in India

India experienced more than 2.3 million deaths in 2008 due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and more than half of these deaths (1.3 million) were due to ischemic heart disease [1]. The CREATE registry of over 20,000 ACS patients across 89 centers in India showed that 30-day mortality for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and for those with non-STEMI (NSTEMI) or unstable angina (UA) are 8.6% and 3.7%, respectively.

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Haemoglobin A1C for coronary heart disease risk stratification in non-diabetic patients

Diabetes is one of the top chronic diseases in India and it is well known to have a correlation to coronary heart disease through the Haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) marker. HbA1C, a clinical marker of glycated haemoglobin, is increasingly being used to diagnose diabetes. As it is a time-integrated marker, it… 

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Is chronic kidney disease a coronary heart disease risk equivalent?

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and a higher MI mortality rate as compared with patients diagnosed with diabetes or who have had a prior MI event, according to a recently published study. “Chronic kidney disease in India is a public health… 

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High estrogen levels could be a new predictor of ischemic arterial disease in postmenopausal women

High levels of 17β-estradiol in the plasma of postmenopausal women were associated with an increased risk of ischemic arterial disease, according to a recent prospective cohort study. High estradiol levels are known to correlate with cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, abnormal blood lipids, and diabetes. According to the Indian… 

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Even in low-risk individuals, better cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a lower mortality risk from cardiovascular disease

Researchers have found that in individuals with a low risk of having a coronary heart disease event, cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with significantly better long-term survival. Key Point: Even in patients at low risk for having a cardiovascular event, cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a decrease in cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related… 

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Interventions can reverse clustering of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors

The Indian population is particularly susceptible to cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. However, few large studies have examined CV risk factors in the Indian population. An understanding the clustering of risk factors can provide vital clues for prevention and treatment. In a recent cross-sectional… 

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