Tag Archives: cardiovascular disease

Dietary salt reduction and cardiovascular disease rates in India

Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke are leading causes of death in India, and hypertension is thought to be their main risk factor [1]. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that nearly half of these deaths occur among adults aged 30 to 69 years old [2]. The prevalence of hypertension has risen exponentially in India over the past three decades, from less than 5% of adults to over 25% of urban and 10% of rural adults today.

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Age and sex pattern of cardiovascular mortality, hospitalisation and associated cost in India

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have emerged as a major public health challenge globally. Recent estimates indicate a rising trend in CVD deaths from 17 million in 2002 to 23 million in 2030, with a distinct growth pattern in developed and developing countries [1]. While, there is a preponderance of CVD deaths in older ages, in developed countries, it is more pronounced among the younger population, in developing countries.

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Erectile dysfunction severity as a risk marker for cardiovascular disease hospitalisation and all-cause mortality

Erectile dysfunction is a common health problem that increases rapidly in prevalence with age. While erectile dysfunction can be a distressing symptom in itself, there is increasing recognition of its importance as a risk marker for potentially life-threatening cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and premature death.

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The effect of tobacco control measures during a period of rising cardiovascular disease risk in India

The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is rapidly rising in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) [1]. LMICs now account for over three-quarters of all global deaths from heart disease and stroke [2], with India expected to contribute more than any other nation to the growth in these deaths over the decade from 2010 to 2020…

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Cardiovascular Diseases in Pregnancy

Pregnancy, irrespective of the gravidity is an anxious period for a woman and the anxiety could be compounded manifold if there is a concomitant cardiovascular disease (CVD). In such situations, risk stratification and counseling become challenging tasks for the attending physician. India is on par with the western world in… 

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Cardiovascular risk factors vary within Indian ethnic subgroups

Great ethnic disparity in cardiovascular risk factors was identified between 2 Indian ethnic subgroups, a recent study found. More research is needed to identify conventional risk factors for this and other complex diseases.  “There are huge differences even within India, as it is a heterogeneous country.” -V. Mohan, MD, FRCP,… 

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Beta blockers and cardiac resynchronization show greatest survival benefit for patients with heart failure

Data on the comparative merits of drugs recommended to manage heart failure (HF) are limited. A recent case-control study compared HF patients who died within 24 months of diagnosis with those who survived to 24 months after a HF diagnosis. The researchers compared the 2 groups to see which therapies… 

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