Tag Archives: cardiovascular disease

Disparities in Prevalence of Cardiometablic Risk Factors in Rural, Urban-Poor, and Urban-Middle Class Women in India

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading causes of morbidity and premature mortality worldwide. By the year 2025, more than 80% of the global diabetes and CVD burden shall be in low and middle income countries with the…

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Triple Burden of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk among Indian Tribes

Indian tribal populations are experiencing phenomenal changes on the social, cultural, and economic fronts, for the past 50 years [1]. Like all developing countries, large-scale developmental activities and urbanization in India have brought…

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Metropolis Healthcare Presents Alarming Findings of PLAC Test

Cardiovascular disease emerged as India’s top killer around the mid-1980s and ever since, it has been a growing threat. According to the recent WHO data, one in 3 Indians succumb to cardiovascular diseases and an increasing number of…

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Implications of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment Using the WHO/ISH Risk Prediction Charts in Rural India

The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in the developing world. The Indian subcontinent accounts for the highest rates of CVD globally. Although many algorithms for CVD risk assessment have been…

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The Association between a Vegetarian Diet and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Factors in India

In India, non-communicable diseases (NCD’s) account for the majority of deaths (59.1%) and half of disability-adjusted life-years (49.7% DALYs), with most loss taking place during the productive years of life [1]. Unlike the epidemiological transition in Western countries, India continues to grapple with…

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Sympathovagal imbalance contributes to prehypertension status and cardiovascular risks attributed by insulin resistance, inflammation, dyslipidemia and oxidative stress in first degree relatives of type 2 diabetics

Recently it has been reported that Asian Indian phenotype is exceptionally predisposed to develop diabetes because of strong familial aggregation and abrupt change in lifestyle [1]. As reported by World Health Organization (WHO), the total number of diabetic population was 171 million in 2000, which is projected to rise up to 366 million in 2030 [2].

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Should physical activity recommendations be ethnicity-specific?

Two of the major modifiable risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are obesity [1], [2] and a low level of physical activity [3], [4]. Because of this, national and international bodies have made recommendations regarding appropriate levels for body mass index (BMI) [5], waist circumference [5], and physical activity [6]–[8], to minimise risk of vascular and metabolic disease.

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