United airway disease: Allergic rhinitis and asthma

United Airway Disease (UAD) is a term used for the combination of two well-known diseases, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Until recently, these two diseases were treated separately, but now there is an increasing awareness that these two entities are manifestation of the same disease affecting two parts of the same airway. Anatomically, nasal and respiratory mucosas are in continuity. 70% of asthmatic patients have allergic rhinitis, and 30% of allergic rhinitis patients develop asthma at some point during the disease.
allergic rhinitis with asthma3

Key Point: Allergic rhinitis and asthma go hand-in-hand. If a patient comes to us with one condition, we should actively look for the other. Treating the co-existing asthma or allergic rhinitis improves the quality of life of the patient.

Allergic diseases increase as a country becomes more developed. India is developing fast, and allergic diseases are increasing at an alarming rate. This phenomenon is partially explained by the hygiene hypothesis, which states that the lack of early childhood exposure to common childhood infections, symbiotic organisms, and parasites leads to an increased susceptibility to allergic ...

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This entry was posted in Allergy and Immunology, Primary Care and tagged , , . Volume: .

7 Comments

  1. Mony Srinivasan
    Posted Jul 2013 at 3:44 pm | Permalink

    I fully agree with the author’s opinion and have found the same very true in my experience as practicing Pediatrician

    Dr.Mony S.S. senior consultant Pediatrician. Thrissur, Kerala

  2. Prasad Chelluri
    Posted Jul 2013 at 5:24 pm | Permalink

    It is well established. Very few pulmonologists bother to clinically check URT methodically and viceversa very few ENT surgeons check carefully for a wheeze.It is a common pathway examination that must be insisted by the teachers in both specialties while conducting internal and external PG training assessments.
    Dr CE Prasad Head PG Dept of Pulmonology Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences Hyderabad 500008
    Mail. ceprasad@hotmail.com

  3. jagannath chandra shekaran
    Posted Jul 2013 at 12:11 pm | Permalink

    how long and what age group montelukast can be used for these patients.

    • kasim kolakkadan
      Posted Jul 2013 at 4:30 pm | Permalink

      duration depends on the intensity of patients symptoms and how long the symptoms are present, the drug can be reduced and stopped as the patient improve over months or years. some may need it life long. It can be given to any one including children above 6 months (http://www.medicinenet.com/montelukast/article.htm)

      thanks,
      kasim

  4. P.M.Manmohan Reddy
    Posted Sep 2013 at 1:10 pm | Permalink

    Monteleukast is a great drug for Respiratory allergy in children! I find it very useful in preventing severe asthmatic attacks.

  5. maneksh kumar
    Posted Jan 2014 at 8:59 am | Permalink

    In my experience as a pediatrician as well as asthma & allergy specialist, I have got good results in treating allergic rhinitis with steroid nasal spray combined with monteleucast & levocetrizine. This can be gradually over a period of 6 months.

  6. maneksh kumar
    Posted Jan 2014 at 9:01 am | Permalink

    I meant this combination can be tapered gradually over a period of 6 months.

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