Low-cost, minimally invasive evaluation and treatment for infertility in rural areas

Infertility is a common condition potentially affecting an estimated 12-28% of couples worldwide [1]. It is no different in rural areas, where facilities for evaluation and treatment are not available to many. It was difficult to evaluate infertility in women before diagnostic laparoscopy became available. Tests such as the hysteron-salpingogram were not accurate, and it was difficult to diagnose conditions like adhesions, endometriosis, PID, etc. with certainty. Now, laparoscopic chromotubation is the gold standard of tubal evaluation [2].

We describe our experience in evaluating and treating infertility in rural areas of Northeast India with available low-cost, minimally invasive techniques.


Table 1 summarizes the results of the various such procedures during the last decade in rural and remote hospitals in Northeast India.

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This entry was posted in Ob/Gyn and tagged , , , , . Volume: .


  1. JEROME Afuka
    Posted Sep 2015 at 7:38 pm | Permalink

    We would have loved this articles in a printable or downloadable format for reading where internet connections are readily available.

  2. Dr. J. Gnanaraj
    Posted Sep 2015 at 1:04 pm | Permalink

    Dear Dr. Jerome Afuka

    We can download the article by right click and choosing the option either to save or Print and if you choose print to change the setting there to save to desktop.

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