Zinc reduces mortality in severe childhood pneumonia

Zinc gluconate supplementation in children between the ages of 6 months and 59 months with severe pneumonia significantly reduced case fatality rates, but was not associated with faster normalization of children’s respiratory rate, body temperature, or oxygen saturation. According to UNICEF and the Public Health Foundation of India, childhood pneumonia… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Nutrition, Pediatrics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Proton-pump inhibitors linked to hip fractures in women, especially smokers

Regular use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) can increase the risk for hip fracture in postmenopausal women, especially those with a history of smoking, according to a study published recently in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). Key Point: Postmenopausal women who are regular users of PPIs have an increased risk of… 

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Posted in Gastroenterology, Geriatrics, Non-Communicable Disease, Orthopedics, Women's Health | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Vitamin D, but not calcium, associated with fewer stress fractures in girls

Vitamin D is associated with a lower risk of developing stress fractures, especially among very active girls who engage in at least 1 hour of high-impact activity per day. Vitamin D deficiency is common in all ages in India, according to recent studies. Marwaha and Sripathy noted a high prevalence… 

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Posted in Nutrition, Orthopedics, Pediatrics | Tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Routine use of antibiotics not warranted in most cases of rhinosinusitis

Antibiotic treatment is no better than placebo at improving symptoms in patients with acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Key Point: Routine antibiotics for acute rhinosinusitis do not improve symptoms and are not warranted. Watchful waiting is a… 

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Posted in Allergy and Immunology, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Presence of risk factors at middle age defines future cardiovascular risk

Risk factors present at middle age define an individual’s lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease, according to results from a meta-analysis conducted by U.S. researchers. Key Point: Risk factors present at middle age predict lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease, which reinforces the importance of preventive care. As part of the Cardiovascular… 

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Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular, Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Hypertension, Non-Communicable Disease, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

High fiber diet does not protect against asymptomatic diverticulosis

Going against a longstanding belief, a high-fiber diet does not protect against asymptomatic diverticulosis. To the contrary, the prevalence of the disease actually appears to be greater in those on a high-fiber diet, according to a recently published study. Key Point: This study does not support recommending a high-fiber diet… 

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Posted in Gastroenterology, Nutrition, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

5-alpha reductase inhibitor slows progression of low-risk prostate cancer tumors

Active surveillance added to treatment with the 5-alpha reductase inhibitor dutasteride slowed the progression of cancerous prostate tumors in men with low-risk localized disease, according to researchers from the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada. Key Point: Active surveillance in combination with dutasteride is a reasonable strategy for the treatment… 

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Posted in Oncology, Pharmacology, Urology | Tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment