Sugary drinks add to coronary heart disease risk

Consuming soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages, but not artificially sweetened ones, is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and adverse changes in lipids, inflammatory factors, and leptin. Key Point: Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is linked to excess coronary heart disease risk. Patients should be counseled to limit their… 

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Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disease, Nutrition | Tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Adherence to 7 cardiovascular health metrics lowers risk of premature death

Meeting 7 recommendations for improving cardiovascular health could prevent premature deaths. Key Point: Adherence to a series of healthy behaviors can protect against premature overall and cardiovascular mortality. Researchers examined data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 3 time periods (1988-1994, 1999-2004, 2005-2010) to assess… 

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Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disease, Hypertension, Non-Communicable Disease, Nutrition, Obesity, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Longstanding diabetes increases risk of stroke

Strokes are much more likely in patients who have had diabetes for 10 or more years compared with those without diabetes, according to findings from the Northern Manhattan Study, a research study of stroke and stroke risk factors. “The findings emphasize the chronic nature of diabetes and the fact that… 

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Posted in Diabetes, Neurology, Neurology Featured 2, Non-Communicable Disease, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Alzheimer’s disease drug donepezil demonstrates promising safety profile

Key Point: Donepezil’s cardiac safety profile appears promising in this small-scale, short-term study. If drugs with a similar mechanism of action that affect acetylcholine are prescribed in patients receiving this therapy, patients should be closely monitored for potential cardiac effects. However, these effects have not been significantly demonstrated in patients… 

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Posted in Geriatrics, Neurology, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

New dengue fever classification differentiates typical and severe infections to improve patient triage and management

The spread of dengue fever is a significant problem, mostly due to increased global trade and travel. It is estimated to cause 50 million infections yearly, with outbreaks in India becoming more commonplace. Infections often occur in urban areas and spread into neighboring communities. Over the last 20 years, higher… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study takes a closer look at triggers of hospitalization for venous thromboembolism

Algorithms that predict risk for venous thromboembolism occurring outside of the hospital setting should be reevaluated to include infection, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, and blood transfusion, in addition to the more commonly recognized triggers such as major surgeries, fractures, immobility, and chemotherapy, according to a recent study. “The notion that VTE occurs… 

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Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disease, Orthopedics, Pharmacology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Improved sanitation and access to water decreases infant, child, and maternal mortality

Increased access to improved water sources and improved sanitation are each associated with a significant decrease in mortality in children younger than 5 years, mortality due to diarrhea in children younger than 5 years, infant mortality, and maternal mortality. These were the findings of a large observational study that included… 

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Posted in Hygiene, Ob/Gyn, Pediatrics, Women's Health | Tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment