Improved sanitation and access to water decreases infant, child, and maternal mortality

Increased access to improved water sources and improved sanitation are each associated with a significant decrease in mortality in children younger than 5 years, mortality due to diarrhea in children younger than 5 years, infant mortality, and maternal mortality. These were the findings of a large observational study that included… 

Read more »
Posted in Hygiene, Ob/Gyn, Pediatrics, Women's Health | Tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Risk of post-partum pre-eclampsia and eclampsia persist after delivery

Delayed post-partum pre-eclampsia and eclampsia remain risks for maternal health in the week following delivery, regardless of whether there is a maternal history of hypertension or whether hypertensive disease has developed prior to hospital discharge, according to a recent study. “The sudden appearance of post-partum eclampsia can be a rude… 

Read more »
Posted in Hypertension, Ob/Gyn | Tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Delivery of a pre-term or low birth weight baby increases maternal risk for cardiovascular disease later in life

Pre-term delivery and low birth weight for gestational age each individually increase the risk of maternal hospitalization or death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life, according to a recent study published in Circulation. CVD was defined as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular events, and/or heart failure. “Management of pre-term and… 

Read more »
Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disease, Non-Communicable Disease, Ob/Gyn | Tagged , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Oral misoprostol is as effective as intravenous oxytocin in labor augmentation

Oral misoprostol is an effective agent to augment labor compared with intravenous oxytocin, according to a study published recently in Obstetrics & Gynecology. India has the largest number of births per year in the world, 27 million, with greater than 60% occurring at home, according to the World Health Organization…. 

Read more »
Posted in Ob/Gyn, Pharmacology | Tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Benefits outweigh the risks for antimalarial treatment of women in the first trimester of pregnancy

Malaria caused by either Plasmodium vivax or Plasmodium falciparum increases miscarriage risk during the first trimester. Antimalarial treatment is important and chloroquine, quinine, and mefloquine do not significantly increase the risk of miscarriage or other adverse events, according to a population-based study. “This paper confirms the dictum that malaria in… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Ob/Gyn | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Excessive vitamin D correlated with higher blood levels of the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein

The inverse association between serum vitamin D level and the serum level of the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) is apparent only at low levels of vitamin D. At levels of serum vitamin D above the median, serum CRP actually increases, a recent study found. CRP, which measures general levels… 

Read more »
Posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular, Cardiovascular Disease, Nutrition, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Treat tuberculosis in pregnancy using first-line agents, but wait for second-line agents

Beware of false-positive skin tests in pregnant women vaccinated with BCG (Bacille Calmette Guerin vaccine for tuberculosis [TB]), in those previously treated for TB infection, or in those previously infected with other Mycobacterium species. False negatives can occur in those with compromised immune systems (eg, HIV) or due to technical… 

Read more »
Posted in Infectious Disease, Ob/Gyn, Pharmacology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response