Category Archives: Primary Care

Primary Care: international clinical news and research of interest to the general practioner or family doctor in India who is the primary care physician for patients in his or her community. This includes but is not limited to topics such as the treatment and diagnosis of the chronic illnesses that are often seen by primary care providers such as hypertension and diabetes as well as basic health provider infomation on family planning and vaccinations.

Incidence and Risk Factors for Post-Penetrating Keratoplasty Glaucoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Glaucoma continues to be a frequent complication of penetrating keratoplasty and has been determined to be a primary cause of graft failure, with yet unexplained determinants. It has also been reported to be one of the three most common causes for graft failure along with rejection and infection…

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Jugaad Innovations for Rural Surgery

Jugaad Innovation is described as frugal and flexible innovations. It is very important for rural surgeons to learn the Jugaad techniques as they would help them to serve the rural surgical patients better…

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Epidural Steroid Injection for Back Pain: Low Cost Technique for Rural Areas

Epidural steroid injections have been used for low back pain and leg pain since 1952 and often the first line of minimally invasive treatment. However, the benefit is often temporary lasting up to…

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Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroidism Before 20 Weeks of Pregnancy have a Higher Risk of Miscarriage

Thyroid dysfunction is prevalent in pregnant women, with a morbidity of 2–3%; it is always caused by chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. Moreover, 5–15% women of reproductive age are diagnosed with thyroid autoimmunity, leading to high risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes…

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Painless Swelling of the Forefoot and Recurrent Subcutaneous Abscesses of the Lower Leg—Two Distinct Presentations Illustrating the Spectrum of Eumycetoma in a Nonendemic Country

Eumycetoma is a neglected tropical disease that is characterized by chronic progressive local inflammation of subcutaneous tissues with sinus formation and purulent discharge. Although the infection evolves from a small subcutaneous nodule, patients often present late with advanced disease, including…

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A comparison of the diagnostic ability of vessel density and structural measurements of optical coherence tomography in primary open angle glaucoma

Optical coherence tomography angiography is a new technique of non-invasively imaging the blood vessels of the optic nerve head and retina in-vivo. Of the multiple algorithms developed to…

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The Prevalence of Underweight, Overweight and Obesity in Bangladeshi Adults

Due to nutritional transition, many developing countries are experiencing a shift from underweight to overweight. In 2015, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimated that 795 million people of the…

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