Category Archives: Pediatrics Featured 1

Mid Upper Arm Circumference as a Predictor of Risk of Mortality in Children in a Low Resource Setting in India

The current WHO recommendation is to use MUAC as a screening tool in the community while at the health facility level to use MUAC or WHZ or bilateral oedema as independent admission criteria for…

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Estimating the Incidence of Rotavirus Infection in Children from India and Malawi from Serial Anti-Rotavirus IgA Titres

Prior to wide-spread rotavirus vaccination, rotavirus was responsible for over 450 000 deaths in young children…

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Lymphatic Pathology in Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Children with Wuchereria bancrofti Infection in Children from Odisha, India and Its Reversal with DEC and Albendazole Treatment

Treatment with albendazole and either ivermectin or diethylcarbamazine citrate used in the Global Program for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis works on the basis of elimination of microfilaria that are infective to the…

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Burden of Bacterial Meningitis in India: Preliminary Data from a Hospital Based Sentinel Surveillance Network

Globally, meningitis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population accounting for about 180,000 deaths annually. Prior to introduction of vaccines…

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Estimating Cryptosporidium and Giardia Disease Burdens for Children Drinking Untreated Groundwater in a Rural Population in India

Untreated groundwater is the primary source of drinking water for nearly a quarter of the world’s population and in low-income settings groundwater tubewells are widely used for drinking…

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Incidence and Progression of Myopia and Associated Factors in Urban School Children in Delhi

Myopia is one of the most common ocular disorders seen in children and young adults and is a cause of concern world-over. While the prevalence of myopia has been reported to be very high in…

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Sub-Therapeutic Nevirapine Concentration During Antiretroviral Treatment Initiation Among Children Living with HIV: Implications for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

Nevirapine was the first non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor approved by the FDA for pediatric use since 1998. Although nevirapine has a low genetic barrier to…

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