Category Archives: Pediatrics

Pediatrics: clinical information, the latest articles and medical research from around the world gathered for the medical community in India.

Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid Improve Gross Motor and Problem-Solving Skills in Young North Indian Children

Poor vitamin B12 status is common among young children in many low- to middle-income countries (LMIC). Deficiency in vitamin B12 has been associated with decreased cognitive performance among elderly, and case studies in infants show that severe…

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Is the Association between Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Confounded by Obesity?

Systematic reviews of observational studies have reported inverse associations between serum vitamin D levels and a range of cardiovascular disease risk factors, most notably hypertension, but also dyslipidaemia, abnormal glucose homeostasis and…

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Predictors of Time to Recovery in Infants with Probable Serious Bacterial Infection

Every year, about 6.3 million children under 5 years of age die globally. Of these, about 2.8 million die in their first month of life. One-fifth of these neonatal deaths occur because of serious bacterial infections like sepsis and pneumonia. About 0.8 million neonates die every…

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Underweight Full-Term Indian Neonates Show Differences in Umbilical Cord Blood Leukocyte Phenotype

Neonatal mortality is a major contributor of under-five mortality globally. This is particularly prominent in low- and-middle income countries. India’s high neonatal mortality (32/1000 live births) contributes substantially to its infant mortality (47/1000 live births). Approximately one-third of neonates born in India have a low…

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Revisiting Community Case Management of Childhood Pneumonia: Perceptions of Caregivers and Grass Root Health Providers in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, Northern India

Pneumonia is the single largest cause of mortality in children under-five years of age, responsible for one in five deaths [1]. In 2010, there were an estimated 1 3 million deaths due to childhood pneumonia, one-quarter being in India. Among these, 81% of the deaths occurred in the first…

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Diarrhea, Stimulation and Growth Predict Neurodevelopment in Young North Indian Children

There is sound evidence that deficient care and inadequate stimulation are key risk factors for adverse neurodevelopment in children. Likewise, the evidence for poor growth and stunting as significant risk factors is convincing. Pneumonia and diarrhea are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children in low to middle-income countries (LMIC). In some studies, diarrhea prevalence has predicted…

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Prevalence of Myopia and Its Risk Factors in Urban School Children in Delhi

Myopia is a very common cause of visual impairment throughout the world. Though, the prevalence of myopia varies by country, age and ethnic group, it is a major cause of visual impairment in both the developed and the developing world. In East Asia the prevalence of myopia has been reported to be…

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