Category Archives: Pediatrics

Pediatrics: clinical information, the latest articles and medical research from around the world gathered for the medical community in India.

Forceps-assisted delivery associated with fewer neurologic complications

Forceps-assisted vaginal deliveries appear to be associated with fewer total neurologic complications, including seizure, than either vacuum-assisted or Cesarean deliveries, a recent study found. However, forceps-assisted delivery, compared with the other delivery methods, was associated with a higher incidence of brachial plexus injury and facial nerve palsy. “Vacuum-assisted deliveries are… 

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Also posted in Neurology, Neurology Featured 2, Ob/Gyn | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Parent education key to improving pediatric vaccination rates in India

The greatest barrier to routine immunization of children in India is parents’ lack of awareness of the importance of vaccination, according to a recent study of pediatricians and primary health center (PHC) physicians. Key Point: Parents should be educated as to the importance of fully vaccinating their children. A focused… 

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Study identifies risk factors for prolonged diarrheal duration, complications in children

A new pediatric study has found that younger age, malnourishment, dehydration, fever, dysentery (bloody stool), longer duration of diarrhea prior to admission, and the failure to treat diarrhea with medication put children suffering an acute bout of diarrhea at increased odds of experiencing a prolonged course or complication. Key Point:… 

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Zinc reduces mortality in severe childhood pneumonia

Zinc gluconate supplementation in children between the ages of 6 months and 59 months with severe pneumonia significantly reduced case fatality rates, but was not associated with faster normalization of children’s respiratory rate, body temperature, or oxygen saturation. According to UNICEF and the Public Health Foundation of India, childhood pneumonia… 

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Also posted in Infectious Disease, Nutrition | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Vitamin D, but not calcium, associated with fewer stress fractures in girls

Vitamin D is associated with a lower risk of developing stress fractures, especially among very active girls who engage in at least 1 hour of high-impact activity per day. Vitamin D deficiency is common in all ages in India, according to recent studies. Marwaha and Sripathy noted a high prevalence… 

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Childhood obesity leads to adverse cardiovascular and metabolic consequences as adults

Childhood obesity, a growing problem in India, compromises future cardiovascular health, according to a Canadian researcher in population health, who authored a review on the link between childhood obesity and adverse health outcomes in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. According to data published in the late 2000s, the… 

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Also posted in Cardiovascular Disease, Non-Communicable Disease, Obesity | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Recommendations focus on preventing cot death in infants

A safe sleep environment to prevent sleep-related deaths—including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), which is often called cot death or crib death in India—is the focus of a recent policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The new statement is intended to reduce the risk of sleep-related suffocation,… 

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