Category Archives: Ob/Gyn

Find information, medical news, research and articles about obstetrics and gynaecology from India and around the world.

Delivery of a pre-term or low birth weight baby increases maternal risk for cardiovascular disease later in life

Pre-term delivery and low birth weight for gestational age each individually increase the risk of maternal hospitalization or death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life, according to a recent study published in Circulation. CVD was defined as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular events, and/or heart failure. “Management of pre-term and… 

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Also posted in Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disease, Non-Communicable Disease | Tagged , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Oral misoprostol is as effective as intravenous oxytocin in labor augmentation

Oral misoprostol is an effective agent to augment labor compared with intravenous oxytocin, according to a study published recently in Obstetrics & Gynecology. India has the largest number of births per year in the world, 27 million, with greater than 60% occurring at home, according to the World Health Organization…. 

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Also posted in Pharmacology | Tagged , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Benefits outweigh the risks for antimalarial treatment of women in the first trimester of pregnancy

Malaria caused by either Plasmodium vivax or Plasmodium falciparum increases miscarriage risk during the first trimester. Antimalarial treatment is important and chloroquine, quinine, and mefloquine do not significantly increase the risk of miscarriage or other adverse events, according to a population-based study. “This paper confirms the dictum that malaria in… 

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Also posted in Infectious Disease | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Treat tuberculosis in pregnancy using first-line agents, but wait for second-line agents

Beware of false-positive skin tests in pregnant women vaccinated with BCG (Bacille Calmette Guerin vaccine for tuberculosis [TB]), in those previously treated for TB infection, or in those previously infected with other Mycobacterium species. False negatives can occur in those with compromised immune systems (eg, HIV) or due to technical… 

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Antiviral therapy may not be enough to suppress genital herpes reactivation

Even high-dose antiherpetic therapy may not be enough to quell short bursts of subclinical genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) reactivation, which may account for the continued transmission of HSV despite suppressive antiviral therapy. Researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, United States, conducted 3 separate but complementary open-label crossover studies… 

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Also posted in Infectious Disease, Pharmacology, Primary Care, Urology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Forceps-assisted delivery associated with fewer neurologic complications

Forceps-assisted vaginal deliveries appear to be associated with fewer total neurologic complications, including seizure, than either vacuum-assisted or Cesarean deliveries, a recent study found. However, forceps-assisted delivery, compared with the other delivery methods, was associated with a higher incidence of brachial plexus injury and facial nerve palsy. “Vacuum-assisted deliveries are… 

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Also posted in Neurology, Neurology Featured 2, Pediatrics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Cervical cancer guidelines analysis focuses on balancing prevention and cost concerns

Over the years, a number of authoritative sources have issued various guidelines regarding cervical cancer screening. Even though all of the guidelines are based on the evidence, they vary in their ultimate recommendations and can be difficult to coordinate and apply to practice. A recent Perspective article in the New… 

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Also posted in Oncology, Primary Care, Women's Health | Tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment