Category Archives: Ob/Gyn

Find information, medical news, research and articles about obstetrics and gynaecology from India and around the world.

Study finds no increased risk of miscarriage with NSAID use

Women of child-bearing age commonly take over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for occasional aches and pains. They are also the most common medications women take during the first trimester of pregnancy. In a recent study, women who used common nonprescription NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen) in early pregnancy were not found… 

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Prevention and early diagnosis can counter maternal risk from re-emergence of leptospirosis

Leptospirosis, a direct zoonotic disease, is a re-emerging infectious disease that can be fatal in pregnancy if undiagnosed. When diagnosed and treated early, leptospirosis is highly curable with routinely available antibiotics. “Leptospirosis is a totally preventable [cause of] maternal mortality with no residual sequelae if diagnosed early and managed accordingly.”… 

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Immunization gaps must be addressed to prevent congenital rubella syndrome

While rubella is a mild disease, if a pregnant woman contracts it the fetus could develop congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which can cause blindness, deafness, mental handicap, and other problems. Immunization of the mother before she becomes pregnant can eliminate this risk. A systematic review published in Indian Pediatrics found… 

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Checklist improves essential childbirth care practices

Implementation of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Safe Childbirth Checklist program during childbirth led to improvement in the delivery of essential care practices, according to a prospective pilot study conducted at a sub-district level birth center in Karnataka, India. Currently, the infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births in India… 

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Study finds hepatitis C perinatal transmission rate of 28.6% in India

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important emerging cause of liver disease in India. Although large epidemiological studies in India are scarce, estimates from small regional studies place the prevalence in the range of 0.09-7.89% (J Biosci, 2008). Since the widespread adoption of blood product screening has reduced transmission via… 

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Transdermal patches and vaginal rings increase risk of venous thrombosis

Researchers have found that women who use transdermal patches for contraception have a risk of venous thrombosis that is close to 8 times that of nonusers of hormonal contraception. For vaginal rings, the risk is 6.5 times that of nonusers. The study “points out the benefits of oral and intrauterine… 

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Lack of antenatal care, father’s occupation risk factors for perinatal mortality

Intrapartum perinatal mortality (IPPM)—the rate of infant deaths that occur during perinatal period—is a serious problem in developing countries, including India. The World Health Organization has estimated that IPPM rates in India range from 7.3 to 15 per 1,000 live births of infants weighing at least 1,000 g. For improvement… 

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