Category Archives: Ob/Gyn

Find information, medical news, research and articles about obstetrics and gynaecology from India and around the world.

Risk of postnatal fever with misoprostol linked to dosage, administration route

The prostaglandin E1 analog misoprostol is widely used to prevent postpartum hemorrhage, which is the leading cause of maternal death in India. Misoprostol is especially practical in low-resource settings because of its efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and ease of administration (sublingual, oral, vaginal, or rectal). It’s also not heat labile, which makes… 

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Certain infertility treatments may increase the risk of birth defects

A recently published study has linked assisted conception involving in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with an increased risk of birth defects. A large observational study using Australian databases of infertility treatments from January 1986 to December 2002 confirmed previous findings of an increased risk

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Ways to prevent puerperal sepsis and reduce maternal mortality rates even in low-resource settings

Along with hemorrhage and hypertension, infection remains one of the most common causes of maternal mortality in developing nations (see related article Practical Advice on Preventing Maternal Death Due to Postpartum Hemorrhage on preventing maternal death due to post-partum hemorrhage). Puerperal sepsis, defined as an infection of the genital tract… 

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Also posted in Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Menopausal hormone replacement therapy reduces fractures but increases risks for other conditions

A great deal of controversy surrounds the use of menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the prevention of chronic conditions. “There are robust data now coming in that there is a window of opportunity in the early menopausal years when HRT may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. It would… 

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Timing of antibiotics reduces surgical site infections in Cesarean deliveries

Giving prophylactic antibiotics within 1 hour prior to Cesarean incision instead of after umbilical cord clamping led to a 48% reduction in surgical site infections in a 96-month retrospective cohort study. “This study validates current practice in India where all operating surgeons, whether it is a small nursing home in… 

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High estrogen levels could be a new predictor of ischemic arterial disease in postmenopausal women

High levels of 17β-estradiol in the plasma of postmenopausal women were associated with an increased risk of ischemic arterial disease, according to a recent prospective cohort study. High estradiol levels are known to correlate with cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, abnormal blood lipids, and diabetes. According to the Indian… 

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Preterm births on the rise in India and across the globe

Between 1990 and 2010, 48 out of 65 nations with reliable data in both the developed and developing world experienced an increase in preterm births, according to a recent study. Key Point: Preterm birth can lead to serious complications and death in the neonate. Physicians can counsel patients to lower… 

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