Category Archives: Non-Communicable Disease

Medical information, latest research and published papers related to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India and around the world including the key chronic diseases of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

Insulin has neutral effect on cardiovascular disease, cancer when used early in type 2 diabetes

mdCurrent Conference Report: 72nd Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association Basal insulin in patients with prediabetes or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes has no effect on cardiovascular disease events over a median follow-up of 6.2 years, according to a recent study. An estimated 62 million people nationwide are… 

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Interventions can reverse clustering of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors

The Indian population is particularly susceptible to cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. However, few large studies have examined CV risk factors in the Indian population. An understanding the clustering of risk factors can provide vital clues for prevention and treatment. In a recent cross-sectional… 

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Blunted morning BP surge may increase risk of cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients

Due to the increased morning incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events, researchers have hypothesized that surges in blood pressure (BP) in the early morning hours may raise the risk of CV events such as myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and sudden cardiac death. “This study adds to the growing body of information… 

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Anti-nausea agent ondansetron at 32-mg IV dosing may affect heart rhythm regularity

A single 32-mg intravenous (IV) dose of the anti-nausea drug ondansetron has been linked to increased heart rhythm irregularities, particularly QT-interval prolongation, according to a recent Drug Safety Communication issued by the United States Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Ondansetron is a very effective 5HT3 antagonist used in India and… 

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Global cancer cases estimated to rise 75% by 2030

Cancer rates are on the rise worldwide and predicted in a recent study to increase by 75% to an estimated 22.2 million new cancer cases in 2030, compared with 12.7 million in 2008. In countries such as India, new cancer cases are predicted to rise slightly higher to 78%, while… 

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Diabetes on the rise in South Asia

The prevalence of diabetes—especially type 2 diabetes—continues to rise in the countries of South Asia. “The contributory factors are genetic and high susceptibility to the adverse effects of unhealthy lifestyle.” -Ambady Ramachandran, MD, PhD, DSc, FRCP, MNAMS, FICP, FRCP, diabetologist and chairman/managing director of A. Ramachandran’s Diabetes Hospitals, Chennai, India;… 

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Elderly hypertensive patients with cardiovascular disease may benefit from combination antihypertensive therapy

Adding a second antihypertensive medication appears to be more beneficial than increasing the dose of a single antihypertensive in reducing all-cause mortality cardiovascular outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). This was the main finding of a recent randomized trial that sought to determine the efficacy of high-dose angiotensin receptor… 

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