Category Archives: Non-Communicable Disease

Medical information, latest research and published papers related to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India and around the world including the key chronic diseases of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

High estrogen levels could be a new predictor of ischemic arterial disease in postmenopausal women

High levels of 17β-estradiol in the plasma of postmenopausal women were associated with an increased risk of ischemic arterial disease, according to a recent prospective cohort study. High estradiol levels are known to correlate with cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, abnormal blood lipids, and diabetes. According to the Indian… 

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Healthful diet and exercise help prevent cardiovascular disease in Indian patients

A healthful diet and exercise have a significant positive effect on serum lipid profiles, and obesity constitutes a major risk factor for the development of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, a recent Indian-based study found. Key Point: A healthful diet and regular exercise are effective reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Prevention… 

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Even in low-risk individuals, better cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a lower mortality risk from cardiovascular disease

Researchers have found that in individuals with a low risk of having a coronary heart disease event, cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with significantly better long-term survival. Key Point: Even in patients at low risk for having a cardiovascular event, cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a decrease in cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related… 

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Study sparks controversy about benefits of smoking cessation at age 60 years or older

A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis found that being a smoker, whether former or current, is associated with all-cause mortality in people who are aged 60 years and older. However, at least one expert in global health says that the study may overestimate the hazards of past smoking and… 

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Risk of bleeding with daily aspirin may offset benefit in low-risk patients

Chronic use of low-dose aspirin, defined as 300 mg/day or less, is associated with an increased risk of major gastrointestinal (GI) or cerebral bleeding, a recent review of administrative data found. Patients with diabetes also were found to have a high rate of bleeding, irrespective of aspirin use. Key Point:… 

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Caffeine in coffee tied to lower risk of basal cell carcinoma

Caffeine consumption may result in a lower risk of skin cancer—specifically basal cell carcinoma, a recent study found. World coffee consumption is approximately 140 million to 145 million bags (60 kg per bag) per year, and it’s predicted that India’s consumption levels will

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A low-fat diet may help curb metabolic syndrome risk in women

Metabolic syndrome is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. The diagnosis is made based on the presence of 3 or more of the following clinical signs: waist circumference of 88 cm or more; serum triglycerides of 1.7 mmol/L or more; blood pressure of 130/85 mmHg or… 

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