Category Archives: Non-Communicable Disease

Medical information, latest research and published papers related to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India and around the world including the key chronic diseases of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

Chronic Respiratory Disorders Create Significant Health Care Burden

Key Point: See the questions below to ask your patients to better assess the risk factors contributing to CRD and help them with the preventative process to avoid the disease altogether. Chronic Respiratory Disorders (CRDs), including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic bronchitis create a significant health care… 

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Increased physical activity in Indian children may slow NCD development

What is known: Lack of physical activity in childhood can lead to disease in adulthood High blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, arthritis, cancers and insulin resistance are among the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) seen in adults who were physically inactive as children Activity is defined as at least one hour a… 

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Exercise provides strong protection against developing diabetes in older men

Men aged 60 to 79 years who start or maintain at least moderate physical activity are afforded strong protection against developing type 2 diabetes, a recently published population-based study found. Additionally, even light exercise reduces the risk of new-onset diabetes by approximately 50%, particularly in overweight and obese men. Key… 

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Patient-reported severe hypoglycemia increases mortality risk

For the first time ever, a newly published retrospective study has established a significant correlation between patient-reported severe hypoglycemia and increased mortality in patients with diabetes. Key Point: Patients with diabetes who self-report severe episodes of hypoglycemia have a higher risk of mortality. It’s important to question them about hypoglycemic… 

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Cardiovascular risk factors vary within Indian ethnic subgroups

Great ethnic disparity in cardiovascular risk factors was identified between 2 Indian ethnic subgroups, a recent study found. More research is needed to identify conventional risk factors for this and other complex diseases.  “There are huge differences even within India, as it is a heterogeneous country.” -V. Mohan, MD, FRCP,… 

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Prevalence of childhood obesity in India and other developing countries is increasing

As with adults, changing dietary practices and lifestyles are leading to increased childhood obesity globally, including in developing countries. In India, this trend recently has been documented at 22% for children aged 5 years to 19 years. Trends such as this one can indicate an increasing overall prevalence rate; from… 

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Flexible sigmoidoscopy a reliable diagnostic tool for colorectal cancer screening

Screening using flexible sigmoidoscopy significantly reduced the incidence of colorectal cancer and mortality, according to a recently published large prospective randomized study. Overall, colorectal cancer mortality was reduced by 26% in patients assigned to sigmoidoscopy (2.9 vs 3.9 deaths per 10,000 person-years) in the study. A 50% reduction in death… 

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Also posted in Non-Communicable Disease Featured 2, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment