Category Archives: Neurology Featured 2

White matter brain injuries in infants may predict altered childhood cognitive function

Giving preterm infants qualitative MRIs when they reach term-equivalent age may help predict cognitive impairments as late as age 9, according to a study published in the journal Pediatrics. The study found that white matter injury found at 38 weeks to 42 weeks was correlated with altered cognitive function at… 

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Zinc supplementation improves cognition in adolescent girls

Adolescent girls who received zinc supplementation through ingesting foods high in zinc or by taking a zinc nutraceutical demonstrated improved cognition and taste acuity, according to an intervention trial conducted in Maharashtra state of Western India. “Zinc has a role in many body functions,” said Anuradha Khadilkar, MD, DCH, associate… 

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Increased daily physical activity reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline

Increased daily physical activity is associated with a reduction in the risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), found a recent cohort study published in the journal Neurology. “Physical activity can be easily done by all elderly or people at risk of AD. It is inexpensive and does not lead to any… 

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Thrombolysis may be beneficial later and in older patients suffering an acute stroke

About 1.44 to 1.64 million cases of new stroke occur each year in India, with stroke sufferers losing over 6 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) annually due to death and disability, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO). Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is used to… 

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Even infrequent use of hypnotics may increase mortality risk

Taking hypnotic drugs, even sporadically, may increase the risk of death, a recent study has found. Researchers at the Scripps Clinic Sleep Center in La Jolla, California, United States, estimated the mortality risk of hypnotics in 10,529 adults who received hypnotic prescriptions and 23,676 matched controls; the subjects were followed… 

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Retinopathy may be risk factor for cerebrovascular disease

In women aged 65 years and older, retinopathy is a marker for cerebrovascular disease that manifests as deficits in global cognition, a recent study found. Key Point: Retinopathy as a marker of small vessel disease is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease in women aged 65 years and older. Proactive… 

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Longstanding diabetes increases risk of stroke

Strokes are much more likely in patients who have had diabetes for 10 or more years compared with those without diabetes, according to findings from the Northern Manhattan Study, a research study of stroke and stroke risk factors. “The findings emphasize the chronic nature of diabetes and the fact that… 

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