Category Archives: Infectious Disease

The list of infectious diseases which occur with significant frequency in India is long and alarming. It is in the interest of local doctors and clinicians to stay abreast of international news and research on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases such as bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, yellow fever Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies and leptospirosis

Interventions For Treating Patients With Chikungunya Virus Infection-Related Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Disorders

Chikungunya virus infection is caused by an alphavirus transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Three reports from the mid-1950s describe an outbreak of viral disease observed in…

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Characterizing Antibody Responses to Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum Antigens in India Using Genome-Scale Protein Microarrays

The burden of malaria in India has halved over the last 15 years, yet India continues to account for over 70% of malaria cases in South East Asia. The ‘National Framework for Malaria Elimination in India 2016–2030’ has two aims: eliminating malaria throughout the country by…

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Asymptomatic leishmaniasis in kala-azar endemic areas of Malda district, West Bengal, India

Visceral leishmaniasis is a vector-borne protozoal disease caused by the Leishmania donovani species complex. Estimated 200,000–400,000 new cases are recorded per year worldwide of which 67% of the total cases are contributed by three Asian countries…

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Comparison of TST and IGRA in Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection in a High TB-Burden Setting

According to the World Health Organization Global TB report, 2015 approximately one- third of the world population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although individuals with LTBI are asymptomatic, however, they constitute an important…

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Molecular Mimicry between Chikungunya Virus and Host Components: A Possible Mechanism for the Arthritic Manifestations

Chikungunya fever is caused by a arbovirus belonging to Family Togaviridae and Genus Alphavirus. CHIKV is positive sense RNA virus with about 11.8 kb long genome. The prevalence of CHIKV has increased globally. It caused massive outbreaks when…

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Priority-Setting for Novel Drug Regimens to Treat Tuberculosis: An Epidemiologic Model

The number of available or prospective drugs for treating tuberculosis (TB) is undergoing a long-overdue expansion. Delamanid and bedaquiline, both recently approved for the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB, are the first novel agents registered for TB treatment in…

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Does Measles Vaccination Reduce the Risk of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and Diarrhea in Children: A Multi-Country Study?

Measles is a highly contagious disease transmitted through a virus belonging to the Morbillivirus genus. The infection is acquired via the respiratory tract and is mostly seen in infants and children below five years of age. The virus usually disrupts the…

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