Category Archives: Infectious Disease

The list of infectious diseases which occur with significant frequency in India is long and alarming. It is in the interest of local doctors and clinicians to stay abreast of international news and research on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases such as bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, yellow fever Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies and leptospirosis

Proton-pump inhibitors may be linked to increased risk of C. difficile-associated diarrhea

Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be associated with an increased risk of Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea (CDAD). Doctors and patients are being warned that if a patient develops diarrhea that does not improve while receiving a PPI, then CDAD should be considered as a diagnosis and managed appropriately, according to an advisory… 

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Also posted in Gastroenterology, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Parent education key to improving pediatric vaccination rates in India

The greatest barrier to routine immunization of children in India is parents’ lack of awareness of the importance of vaccination, according to a recent study of pediatricians and primary health center (PHC) physicians. Key Point: Parents should be educated as to the importance of fully vaccinating their children. A focused… 

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Also posted in Pediatrics, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study identifies risk factors for prolonged diarrheal duration, complications in children

A new pediatric study has found that younger age, malnourishment, dehydration, fever, dysentery (bloody stool), longer duration of diarrhea prior to admission, and the failure to treat diarrhea with medication put children suffering an acute bout of diarrhea at increased odds of experiencing a prolonged course or complication. Key Point:… 

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Also posted in Pediatrics, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study ties H pylori infection to increased diabetes risk

Infection with Helicobacter pylori more than doubles the risk of developing diabetes, according to the results of a recently published study. The authors note that this finding is consistent with prior reports showing an association between H pylori and the prevalence of diabetes in cross-sectional studies. Key Point: Serologic evidence… 

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Also posted in Diabetes, Gastroenterology, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Zinc reduces mortality in severe childhood pneumonia

Zinc gluconate supplementation in children between the ages of 6 months and 59 months with severe pneumonia significantly reduced case fatality rates, but was not associated with faster normalization of children’s respiratory rate, body temperature, or oxygen saturation. According to UNICEF and the Public Health Foundation of India, childhood pneumonia… 

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Also posted in Nutrition, Pediatrics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Study examines trends in global malaria mortality in India between 1980 and 2010; physicians can play an important public health role

In recent years, Dinghra et al estimated annual malaria deaths in India at 205,000, while  the World Health Organization’s (WHO) estimates were 15,000, triggering extreme debate. Reducing  malaria deaths to zero by 2015 is a goal of the UN Secretary-General. Numerous developments can now assist in reassessing more timely malaria… 

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Also posted in Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , | Volume: | 1 Response

Aspirin worth a look for preventing cervical cancer in HIV-infected women

Aspirin and other drugs that inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) should be evaluated for their potential to prevent cervical cancer in women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), say researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College, New York City, United States. They found that HIV influences the production… 

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Also posted in Ob/Gyn, Oncology, Pharmacology, Women's Health | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment
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