Category Archives: Infectious Disease

The list of infectious diseases which occur with significant frequency in India is long and alarming. It is in the interest of local doctors and clinicians to stay abreast of international news and research on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases such as bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, yellow fever Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies and leptospirosis

Sub-Therapeutic Nevirapine Concentration During Antiretroviral Treatment Initiation Among Children Living with HIV: Implications for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

Nevirapine was the first non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor approved by the FDA for pediatric use since 1998. Although nevirapine has a low genetic barrier to…

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Identification of Burden Hotspots and Risk Factors for Cholera in India: An Observational Study

Cholera has existed in India for centuries, and is an important public health problem in several parts of the country.. Based on a ten year review from 1997 to 2006, 21 states reported cholera and 12 had multiple outbreaks. During the 10-year period studied, the states having the highest number of…

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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus Comorbidity: A Systematic Review

Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis are major killers of mankind across the globe. The World Health Organization global report for 2015 indicates that, there were 10.4 million new cases and 1.4 million deaths resulting from…

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Occult Hepatitis B Virus Infection in HIV Positive Patients at a Tertiary Healthcare Unit in Eastern India

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection continues to be a global health concern despite the presence of an effective vaccine. Worldwide, approximately 2 billion people have been infected with HBV at some stage of life, of them…

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Field Evaluation of a Blood Based Test for Active Tuberculosis in Endemic Settings

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb.), the etiologic agent of tuberculosis, is one of the most successful human pathogens on the planet. Approximately two billion people are infected with M. tb. worldwide…

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Suppression of Chikungunya Virus Replication and Differential Innate Responses of Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells During Co-Infection with Dengue Virus

Dengue virus currently causes the most prevalent arthropod-borne human disease. Chikungunya virus re-emerged in 2005–2006 with large outbreaks afflicting millions of people in the Indian Ocean areas and…

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The impact of Glycemic Status on Radiological Manifestations of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Diabetic Patients

Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are both important global health issues. In addition, the link between TB and DM has been demonstrated, and these conditions may complicate each other at…

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