Category Archives: Infectious Disease

The list of infectious diseases which occur with significant frequency in India is long and alarming. It is in the interest of local doctors and clinicians to stay abreast of international news and research on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases such as bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, yellow fever Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies and leptospirosis

Accelerating Access to Quality TB Care for Pediatric TB Cases Through Better Diagnostic Strategy in Four Major Cities of India

Tuberculosis is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that around 10% of the 10.4 million global incident TB cases and 250,000 of the 1.7 million TB deaths in 2016 were amongst children…

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Breast Tuberculosis in Men: A Systematic Review

Tuberculosis is a chronic granulomatous inflammation usually involving the lung parenchyma and hilar lymph nodes. Extra-pulmonary involvement is seen in…

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Towards Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Indian Subcontinent—Translating Research to Practice to Public Health

About 147 million people are at risk of visceral leishmaniasis, in the Southeast Asian region. The largely localized geographic endemicity, anthroponotic transmission with humans as the only host reservoir, the sandfly species Phlebotomous argentipes as the only vector species, and the…

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MDR-TB Treatment as Prevention: The Projected Population-Level Impact of Expanded Treatment for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses one of the greatest threats to TB control worldwide. Not only is the incidence of MDR-TB rising in many areas, curtailing…

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Estimating the Burden of Scrub Typhus: A Systematic Review

Scrub typhus is an infectious disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular bacteria, transmitted by the bites of chigger mites…

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Estimating the Incidence of Rotavirus Infection in Children from India and Malawi from Serial Anti-Rotavirus IgA Titres

Prior to wide-spread rotavirus vaccination, rotavirus was responsible for over 450 000 deaths in young children…

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Health Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of a Domestically-Produced Rotavirus Vaccine in India: A Model Based Analysis

Each year, rotavirus gastroenteritis claims the lives of an estimated 215,000 children under five years of age; 22% of these deaths are estimated to…

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