Category Archives: Infectious Disease Featured 2

Asymptomatic leishmaniasis in kala-azar endemic areas of Malda district, West Bengal, India

Visceral leishmaniasis is a vector-borne protozoal disease caused by the Leishmania donovani species complex. Estimated 200,000–400,000 new cases are recorded per year worldwide of which 67% of the total cases are contributed by three Asian countries…

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Comparison of TST and IGRA in Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection in a High TB-Burden Setting

According to the World Health Organization Global TB report, 2015 approximately one- third of the world population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although individuals with LTBI are asymptomatic, however, they constitute an important…

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Molecular Mimicry between Chikungunya Virus and Host Components: A Possible Mechanism for the Arthritic Manifestations

Chikungunya fever is caused by a arbovirus belonging to Family Togaviridae and Genus Alphavirus. CHIKV is positive sense RNA virus with about 11.8 kb long genome. The prevalence of CHIKV has increased globally. It caused massive outbreaks when…

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Priority-Setting for Novel Drug Regimens to Treat Tuberculosis: An Epidemiologic Model

The number of available or prospective drugs for treating tuberculosis (TB) is undergoing a long-overdue expansion. Delamanid and bedaquiline, both recently approved for the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB, are the first novel agents registered for TB treatment in…

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Widespread fear of dengue transmission but poor practices of dengue prevention

Dengue is an infectious viral disease transmitted by a domesticated mosquito, Aedes aegypti. There are supposedly 50 to 400 million people infected each year by dengue virus, developing various clinical spectrum of dengue infection that includes…

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Gender Differences in Factors Related to HIV Risk Behaviors among People Who Inject Drugs in North-East India

Injection drug use is an important driver of HIV epidemics in different regions of the world including India, which is home to 168,000–1.1 million people who inject drugs with a high prevalence of HIV and…

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Control of Aedes aegypti Breeding: A Novel Intervention for Prevention and Control of Dengue in an Endemic Zone of Delhi, India

Dengue, a fast spreading vector borne disease is endemic in more than 100 countries with half of world’s population living in area at risk of this disease…

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