Category Archives: Infectious Disease Featured 1

Co-Circulation of All the Four Dengue Virus Serotypes and Detection of a Novel Clade of DENV-4 (genotype I) Virus in Pune, India During 2016 Season

An estimated 40% of the global population (~3.9 billion) is at risk of dengue virus infection…

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Emergence of Orientia Tsutsugamushi as an Important Cause of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in India

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome is a major seasonal public health problem in many states of India including Bihar. Muzaffarpur and adjacent districts, including Sitamarhi, Sheohar and East Champaran districts of Bihar consistently experience a great…

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Accelerating Access to Quality TB Care for Pediatric TB Cases Through Better Diagnostic Strategy in Four Major Cities of India

Tuberculosis is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that around 10% of the 10.4 million global incident TB cases and 250,000 of the 1.7 million TB deaths in 2016 were amongst children…

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Breast Tuberculosis in Men: A Systematic Review

Tuberculosis is a chronic granulomatous inflammation usually involving the lung parenchyma and hilar lymph nodes. Extra-pulmonary involvement is seen in…

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Towards Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Indian Subcontinent—Translating Research to Practice to Public Health

About 147 million people are at risk of visceral leishmaniasis, in the Southeast Asian region. The largely localized geographic endemicity, anthroponotic transmission with humans as the only host reservoir, the sandfly species Phlebotomous argentipes as the only vector species, and the…

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MDR-TB Treatment as Prevention: The Projected Population-Level Impact of Expanded Treatment for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses one of the greatest threats to TB control worldwide. Not only is the incidence of MDR-TB rising in many areas, curtailing…

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Estimating the Burden of Scrub Typhus: A Systematic Review

Scrub typhus is an infectious disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular bacteria, transmitted by the bites of chigger mites…

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