Category Archives: Infectious Disease

The list of infectious diseases which occur with significant frequency in India is long and alarming. It is in the interest of local doctors and clinicians to stay abreast of international news and research on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases such as bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, yellow fever Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies and leptospirosis

Comparison of Monocyte Gene Expression Among Patients with Neurocysticercosis-Associated Epilepsy, Idiopathic Epilepsy and Idiopathic Headaches in India

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a brain infection by Taenia solium larvae which is a common cause of acquired epilepsy. NCC may consist of single or multiple larvae (cysts) that progress from viable vesicular to colloidal and granuloma states and finally…

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Post-Dengue Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: A Case Report and Meta-Analysis

Dengue, a worldwide prevalent mosquito-borne infectious disease, is a flavivirus spread by several species of Aedes type mosquitos, mainly Aedes aegypti. Dengue has become a dangerous burden and is widely spread in more than…

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Candida Auris: A Rapidly Emerging Cause of Hospital-Acquired Multidrug-Resistant Fungal Infections Globally

Candidiasis, which includes both superficial infections and invasive disease, is the most common cause of fungal infection worldwide. Candida bloodstream infections (BSI) cause significant mortality and elicit a major threat to…

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Burden and Impact of Plasmodium Vivax in Pregnancy: A Multi-Centre Prospective Observational Study

More than a third of the world′s population is at risk of Plasmodium vivax infection, 90% of whom live in the Asia and the Pacific regions, while the rest live in the American (6%) and African (3%) regions. In comparison with P. falciparum, P. vivax infection has received little attention mostly because it has been considered a relatively benign disease…

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Painless Swelling of the Forefoot and Recurrent Subcutaneous Abscesses of the Lower Leg—Two Distinct Presentations Illustrating the Spectrum of Eumycetoma in a Nonendemic Country

Eumycetoma is a neglected tropical disease that is characterized by chronic progressive local inflammation of subcutaneous tissues with sinus formation and purulent discharge. Although the infection evolves from a small subcutaneous nodule, patients often present late with advanced disease, including…

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The microbiome composition of Aedes aegypti is not critical for Wolbachia-mediated inhibition of dengue virus

Dengue virus (DENV) is an RNA arbovirus and the causative agent of dengue fever and the more severe dengue haemorrhagic fever. There are four serotypes of DENV (DENV1-4), which together are estimated to infect 390 million people per year. Currently there are no…

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Cost-Effectiveness of Hepatitis C Treatment Using Generic Direct-Acting Antivirals Available in India

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects more than 70 million people worldwide and between 6–11 million in India. Chronic HCV infection is the leading cause for cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and…

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