Cardiovascular Articles

c.*84G>A Mutation in CETP Is Associated with Coronary Artery Disease in South Indians

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. CAD and its clinical manifestations are etiologically complex, with approximately equal contributions from... Read more »

Prevalence of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases in Bangladesh

CVDs and its associated known risk factors account for 13.4% of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in Bangladesh... Read more »

Effect of Fasting Blood Glucose Level on Heart Rate Variability of Healthy Young Adults

Currently, heart rate variability (HRV) is among the useful tools used to assess modulatory effects of the autonomic nervous system on the heart... Read more »

Quality Improvement for Cardiovascular Disease Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally. While the number of CVD deaths has not changed significantly in high-income countries since 1990, the number of deaths has increased by... Read more »

Distinct Patterns of Association of Variants at 11q23.3 Chromosomal Region with Coronary Artery Disease and Dyslipidemia in the Population of Andhra Pradesh, India

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is most predominant and ranks as number one in causing deaths due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in India. Dyslipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, smoking and obesity or overweight were identified as... Read more »

Optimal Dose and Method of Administration of Intravenous Insulin in the Management of Emergency Hyperkalemia: A Systematic Review

Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte disorder that can result in fatal cardiac arrhythmias. Successful management of acute hyperkalemia involves protecting the heart from arrhythmias with the administration of calcium... Read more »

Pre-Hypertension among Young Adults (20–30 Years) in Coastal Villages of Udupi District in Southern India: An Alarming Scenario

The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in United States released the Seventh Report of the... Read more »

Interleukin-1 Gene Cluster Polymorphisms and Their Association with Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) in many ways is an inflammatory disease. Inflammation plays an important role in the formation of atheroma which ultimately graduates to atheromatous injury, plaque rupture and... Read more »

Salt Intake and Health Risk in Climate Change Vulnerable Coastal Bangladesh: What Role Do Beliefs and Practices Play?

High blood pressure is the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases especially heart diseases and stroke. In South East Asia, an estimated 36% adults have hypertension. In Bangladesh more than 27% of all deaths are thought to be associated with cardiovascular diseases... Read more »

Expression of Heat Shock Protein 70 Gene and Its Correlation with Inflammatory Markers in Essential Hypertension

Hypertension is characterized by systemic high blood pressure and is the most common and important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. In India, the prevalence of adult hypertension has risen dramatically over... Read more »

Genotypic, Phenotypic and Clinical Validation of GeneXpert in Extra-Pulmonary and Pulmonary Tuberculosis in India

In the absence of an efficient diagnostic modality for Tuberculosis, the search for a tool that can overcome the dilemmas of the available diagnostic tests continues. In... Read more »

Disparities in Prevalence of Cardiometablic Risk Factors in Rural, Urban-Poor, and Urban-Middle Class Women in India

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading causes of morbidity and premature mortality worldwide. By the year 2025, more than 80% of the global diabetes and CVD burden shall be in low and middle income countries with the... Read more »

Triple Burden of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk among Indian Tribes

Indian tribal populations are experiencing phenomenal changes on the social, cultural, and economic fronts, for the past 50 years [1]. Like all developing countries, large-scale developmental activities and urbanization in India have brought... Read more »

Implications of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment Using the WHO/ISH Risk Prediction Charts in Rural India

The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in the developing world. The Indian subcontinent accounts for the highest rates of CVD globally. Although many algorithms for CVD risk assessment have been... Read more »

Is the Association between Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Confounded by Obesity?

Systematic reviews of observational studies have reported inverse associations between serum vitamin D levels and a range of cardiovascular disease risk factors, most notably hypertension, but also dyslipidaemia, abnormal glucose homeostasis and... Read more »

The Association between a Vegetarian Diet and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Factors in India

In India, non-communicable diseases (NCD's) account for the majority of deaths (59.1%) and half of disability-adjusted life-years (49.7% DALYs), with most loss taking place during the productive years of life [1]. Unlike the epidemiological transition in Western countries, India continues to grapple with... Read more »
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