Monthly Archives: December 2014

Case Study: Solitary Pulmonary Hamartoma with Complications in a 14-year-old Girl

By Dr. Swapan Samanta
Pulmonary hamartomas are rare, benign lesions of the lung and may be multiple in number. Recently, a 14-year-old girl presented with clinical symptoms of tuberculosis, and after transthoracic biopsy, the diagnosis was confirmed as…

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Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Association of Smokeless Tobacco and of Betel Quid without Tobacco with Incidence of Oral Cancer in South Asia and the Pacific

There are more than seventy species of tobacco, where Nicotiana tabacum is the chief commercial crop. This was first introduced into South Asia in the 1600s as a product to be smoked and gradually became popular in many different smokeless forms [1]–[3]. It was not known in Pacific communities before European contact [4] and was introduced to Papua New Guinea by Malay traders [5], [6]. Tobacco in its various forms is frequently…

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Community Based Case-Control Study of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis among Young Children during 2008-2010 Reveals Vast Genetic Diversity and Increased Prevalence of G9 Strains in Kolkata

Severe gastroenteritis in children below 5 years of age is a major public health problem in humans globally [1]. Worldwide approximately 10.6 million children die before their fifth birthday of which 20% deaths are attributed to diarrhoeal diseases [2]. Although large number of bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens have been implicated to cause diarrhoea, but…

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Perception of Human Papillomavirus Infection, Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccination in North Indian Population

Cancer of the uterine cervix is the second-most common cancer in women worldwide but it is the most common health hazard in India [1]. 80% of sexually active women infected with persistent HPV infection leads invasive cervical cancer [1], [2], [3]. However, reduction of morbidity/mortality due to cervical cancer is early detection and treatment of…

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Modulates the Gene Interactions to Activate the HIV Replication and Faster Disease Progression in a Co-Infected Host

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) continues to be one of the most dreaded pathogens around the world and its co-habitation with HIV in a common host fuels both the infections. Of the estimated 39 million people living with HIV, about one-third are estimated to have concomitant latent tuberculosis (Global Tuberculosis Control, WHO, 2010). Depending on the prevalence of HIV…

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Emergency Medical Care During a Sports Event: An Experience

Sports and Exercise Medicine (SEM) is a specialty now. Sports and Exercise Medicine doctors have finished medical school and residency training in a specialty like rehabilitation medicine (or physiatry) or orthopedic surgery.

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Innovations in Surgical Care for the Poor: Presented at the Canadian Conference on Global Health 2014

Objective Advanced surgical care is not available to most people in rural areas because of reasons related to “Accessibility, Availability and Affordability.” We describe how the Surgical Services Initiative helped to address these problems and make advanced surgical care available to the poor and the needy over three decades, in… 

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