Monthly Archives: September 2014

Geospatial Analysis on the Distributions of Tobacco Smoking and Alcohol Drinking in India

The World Health Organization has identified tobacco smoking and binge alcohol drinking as two of the leading risk factors for premature mortality worldwide [1], [2]. In India, 14% per cent of the population above age 15 smoke tobacco (24% for men and 3% for women) [3]. Smoking is already responsible for about 1 in 5 deaths for men and 1 in 20 deaths for women at ages 30–69.

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) – An Indian Scenario

COPD is a disabling disease for the patient and for those who care for the patients. It still has not received enough attention from the public or authorities. There are a lot of government bodies and NGOs to help cancer and renal patients, but COPD patients receive no attention, and… 

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NABH Pre-Accreditation Entry-Level Standards: Using Software for Help

The National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Health Care Providers (NABH) has now given standards that need to be followed before applying for accreditation. The Indian Medical Association recommends these standards too. The standards might become mandatory for insurance companies for empanelling, and the state Governments might eventually make them… 

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Safety and Immunogenicity of a Live Oral Recombinant Cholera Vaccine VA1.4

Cholera causes rapid dehydration due to diarrhea and is caused by ingestion of toxigenic serogroups (O1 and O139) of Vibrio cholerae. Cholera occurs in endemic form in south and south-east Asia and in Africa. However, outbreaks occur in many countries.

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Antimicrobial Resistance, Virulence Profiles and Molecular Subtypes of Salmonella enterica Serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A Blood Isolates

Enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) and Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A (S. Paratyphi A) still continues to be a major public health problem in developing countries like India. Typhoid fever was estimated to have caused 21.6 million illnesses and 216,500 deaths globally, and the…

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Prevalence and Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment and Their Associated Risk Factors

Recent estimates show that there are 324 million people who are either blind or visually impaired in the world and that the burden of blindness and visual impairment (VI) is disproportionately clustered in the developing countries, including India [1]. With 8 million blind people and 62 million VI, India shares almost a quarter of the entire global burden of blindness and VI.

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Mobile Phones: The Next Step towards Healthcare Delivery in Rural India?

Wireless technologies now cover 96% of the global population and penetrate all walks of life. With 6.8 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions worldwide [1], the technology has successfully bridged gaps in communication and ignited economic growth and development globally [2]. It has also found a strong foothold within the healthcare sector in the emerging field of ‘mHealth’. ‘mHealth’ or…

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