Monthly Archives: December 2013

Nocturnal blood pressure pattern affects left ventricular remodeling and late gadolinium enhancement in patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) increases morbidity and mortality in patients with hypertension [1] [2],[3]. Elevated blood pressure (BP) contributes to wall thickening and functional changes [4]. These changes cause systolic and diastolic dysfunction and their clinical manifestations include arrhythmia and symptomatic heart failure.

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Is obstructive sleep apnea associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality?

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive episodes of complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway during sleep. Prevalence of OSA with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) exceeding 10–15 is 7–10% in the general adult population [1], and approximately 2–4% of the adult population between the ages of 30 and 60 years occurs excessive daytime somnolence.

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