Monthly Archives: December 2013

Clinical otology

Clinical otology from Balasubramanian Thiagarajan Dr. Balasubramanian Thiagarajan, is a Professor in the Department of Otolaryngology at Stanley Medical College in Chennai, Tamilnadu. He has authored a number of journal articles and case reports on otolaryngology and related topics, as well as three books. Presentation used with permission from Dr…. 

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Herpesvirus-associated central nervous system diseases after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Herpesviruses, the family of neurotropic viruses, may cause encephalitis/myelitis of various degrees of severity in immunocompetent individuals [1,2]. Epidemiological studies demonstrate that α-herpesviruses, such as herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and varicella zoster virus (VZV), are the most frequent etiological agents found in sporadic viral encephalitis/myelitis [2,3]. β- and γ-herpesviruses, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human herpes virus 6-8 (HHV6-8), are known to cause encephalitis/myelitis, but it is rare in immunocompetent individuals [3,4].

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Incidence and treatment of developmental hip dysplasia in Mongolia

In Mongolia, adequate early diagnosis and treatment of developmental hip dysplasia (DDH), a frequent developmental deformation or misalignment of the hip joint [1], is currently not available. DDH can be cured with simple measures if adequate methods for diagnosis and treatment are available. However, in Mongolia diagnosis of DDH is currently based on clinical signs and symptoms followed up with x-ray of the hips. X-ray equipment is often outdated leading to high exposure to radiation.

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Population-based study of birth prevalence and factors associated with cleft lip and/or palate in Taiwan 2002–2009

Facial cleft deformities, including cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) and cleft palate (CP), are among the most common congenital birth anomalies. While the worldwide prevalence of such deformities is about 1.5 per 1,000 live births, the rate varies six-fold for CL/P and three-fold for CP [1]. Reports in Asian populations put overall rates around 1.76 to 1.81, reflecting the higher prevalence in this region [2], [3].

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Epidemiological features of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in Taiwanese children

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is an abnormal hypertrophy of the muscle at the pylorus that results in gastric outlet obstruction. However, its etiology is still unknown. It commonly affects infants younger than one year of age. The classic presentations of IHPS are projectile vomiting immediately following feeding and a palpable abdominal mass in the upper abdomen [1].

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Pelvis morphology, trunk posture and standing imbalance and their relations to the cobb angle in moderate and severe untreated AIS

Scoliosis is a three-dimensional (3D) deformation of the spine and rib cage resulting in a prominent trunk distortion. Its more common form is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) usually affects young girls [1]. Most studies describe the differences between scoliotic and non-scoliotic girls and focus primarily on a single set of parameters derived from spinal and pelvis morphology [2], posture [3], [4] or standing imbalance [5], [6].

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Breast carcinoma grading with FNAC and correlation with histopathological grading

INTRODUCTION Breast carcinoma is one of the most common types of malignant tumors in females. The breast is the second most common cancer site after cervix uteri in the human female body. [1] The management of breast diseases needs a well-planned, coordinated strategy, not only in the treatment, but also… 

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